|Troutman Pepper Hamilton Sanders LLP
5 Park Plaza, Suite 1400
Irvine, CA 92614-2545
November 20, 2020
Pacific Ethanol, Inc.
400 Capitol Mall, Suite 2060
Sacramento, CA 95814
|Re:||Registration Statement on Form S-3|
Registering 8,900,493 Shares of Common Stock
Ladies and Gentlemen:
We have acted as counsel to Pacific Ethanol, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), in connection with the registration statement on Form S-3 to which this opinion is an exhibit (the “Registration Statement”) with respect to the offer and sale by the entity named in the Registration Statement (the “Selling Stockholder”) of up to an aggregate of 8,900,493 shares of the Company’s common stock, $0.0001 par value per share (the “Common Stock”), issuable upon exercise of the Company’s outstanding Series A Warrant to Purchase Common Stock (the “Warrant”) to purchase shares of Common Stock (the “Warrant Shares”).
This opinion is being furnished in accordance with the requirements of Item 601(b)(5) of Regulation S-K under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and no opinion is expressed herein as to any matter pertaining to the contents of the Registration Statement or prospectus forming a part of the Registration Statement, other than as to the validity of the Warrant Shares.
We are familiar with the corporate actions taken and proposed to be taken by the Company in connection with the authorization, issuance and sale of the Warrant and Warrant Shares and have made such other legal and factual inquiries as we deem necessary for purposes of rendering this opinion. We have relied upon certificates and other assurances of officers of the Company and others as to factual matters; we have not independently verified such matters. We have assumed the genuineness of all signatures, the authenticity of all documents submitted to us as originals, the conformity to original documents of all documents submitted to us as copies and the authenticity of the originals of such copied documents. We have also assumed that the Warrant Shares will be evidenced by appropriate certificates that have been properly executed and delivered.
Based on the foregoing and in reliance thereon, and subject to the qualifications and limitations set forth below, we are of the opinion that the Warrant Shares, when issued upon exercise of the Warrant in accordance with their respective terms, will be validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable.
|Pacific Ethanol, Inc.
November 20, 2020
You have informed us that the Selling Stockholder may sell the Warrant Shares from time to time on a delayed or continuous basis. This opinion is limited to the Delaware General Corporation Law (“DGCL”), including the statutory provisions of the DGCL, all applicable provisions of the Constitution of the State of Delaware and all reported judicial decisions interpreting these laws, and federal law, exclusive of state securities and blue sky laws, rules and regulations.
We hereby consent to the use of our name under the caption “Legal Matters” in the prospectus forming a part of the Registration Statement and to the filing of this opinion as Exhibit 5.1 to the Registration Statement. In giving this consent, we do not admit that we are within the category of persons whose consent is required under Section 7 of the Securities Act, or the General Rules and Regulations of the SEC.
|Very truly yours,|
|/s/ Troutman PEPPER HAMILTON Sanders LLP|