UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ______ to _______

 

Commission File Number: 000-21467

 

ALTO INGREDIENTS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   41-2170618
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
     
1300 South Second Street, Pekin, Illinois   61554
(Address of principal executive offices)   (zip code)

 

(916) 403-2123

 

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each Class  Trading Symbol  

Name of Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock, $0.001 par value  ALTO  

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

(Nasdaq Capital Market)

       

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  ☐ Accelerated filer  ☐
Non-accelerated filer  ☒ Smaller reporting company  
Emerging growth company    

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No

 

As of August 9, 2021, there were 72,806,563 shares of Alto Ingredients, Inc. common stock, $0.001 par value per share, and 896 shares of Alto Ingredients, Inc. non-voting common stock, $0.001 par value per share, outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Page
     
  PART I  
  FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
     
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.  
     
  Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2021 (unaudited) and December 31, 2020 1
     
  Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (unaudited) 3
     
  Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (unaudited) 4
     
  Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (unaudited) 5
     
  Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) 6
     
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS. 20
     
ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK. 36
     
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES. 36
     
PART II
OTHER INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS. 37
     
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS. 37
     
ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS. 46
     
ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES. 47
     
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES. 47
     
ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION. 47
     
ITEM 6. EXHIBITS. 48
     
SIGNATURES 49

 

i

 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

ALTO INGREDIENTS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands)

 

   June 30,   December 31, 
  2021   2020 
   (unaudited)   * 
 ASSETS        
         
Current Assets:        
Cash and cash equivalents  $50,796   $47,667 
Accounts receivable, net (net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $363 and $260, respectively)   67,043    43,491 
Inventories   58,251    37,925 
Prepaid inventory   531    891 
Derivative instruments   28,498    17,149 
Assets held-for-sale   30,199    58,295 
Other current assets   8,932    8,628 
Total current assets   244,250    214,046 
Property and equipment, net   221,327    229,486 
           
Other Assets:          
Right of use operating lease assets, net   13,509    11,046 
Notes receivable   12,775    14,337 
Intangible assets   2,678    2,678 
Other assets   4,665    5,225 
Total other assets   33,627    33,286 
Total Assets  $499,204   $476,818 

 

 

*Amounts derived from the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

1

 

 

ALTO INGREDIENTS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (CONTINUED)

(in thousands, except par value)

 

   June 30,   December 31, 
  2021   2020 
   (unaudited)   * 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY        
         
Current Liabilities:        
Accounts payable – trade  $30,029   $13,047 
Accrued liabilities   15,977    11,101 
Current portion – operating leases   3,171    2,180 
Current portion – long-term debt   23,660    25,533 
Derivative instruments   20,174     
Liabilities held-for-sale   10,478    19,542 
Other current liabilities   7,255    15,524 
Total current liabilities   110,744    86,927 
           
Long-term debt, net of current portion   56,848    71,807 
Operating leases, net of current portion   10,188    8,715 
Other liabilities   13,405    13,134 
Total Liabilities   191,185    180,583 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 7)   
 
    
 
 
Stockholders’ Equity:          
Alto Ingredients, Inc. Stockholders’ Equity:          
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 10,000 shares authorized; Series A: 1,684 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020; Series B: 1,581 shares authorized; 927 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020; liquidation preference of $20,290 as of June 30, 2021
   1    1 
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 300,000 shares authorized; 72,811 and 72,487 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively   73    72 
Non-voting common stock, $0.001 par value; 3,553 shares authorized; 1 share issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively   
    
 
Additional paid-in capital   1,035,980    1,036,638 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (3,878)   (3,878)
Accumulated deficit   (724,157)   (736,598)
Total Stockholders’ Equity   308,019    296,235 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity  $499,204   $476,818 

 

 

*Amounts derived from the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

2

 

 

ALTO INGREDIENTS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(unaudited, in thousands, except per share data)

 

   Three Months Ended
June 30,
   Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
   2021   2020   2021   2020 
                     
Net sales  $298,110   $212,074   $516,844   $523,478 
Cost of goods sold   282,877    180,892    487,774    505,186 
Gross profit   15,233    31,182    29,070    18,292 
Selling, general and administrative expenses   7,230    8,629    14,244    18,841 
Asset impairments   1,900    
    3,100    
 
Income (loss) from operations   6,103    22,553    11,726    (549)
Interest expense, net   (1,045)   (4,647)   (2,930)   (9,954)
Income from loan forgiveness   3,887    
    3,887    
 
Fair value adjustments   
    (1,314)   
    (641)
Other income (expense), net   (555)   (1,738)   385    (1,158)
Income (loss) before benefit for income taxes   8,390    14,854    13,068    (12,302)
Benefit for income taxes   
    
    
    
 
Consolidated net income (loss)   8,390    14,854    13,068    (12,302)
Net loss attributed to noncontrolling interests   
    110    
    2,166 
Net income (loss) attributed to Alto Ingredients, Inc.  $8,390   $14,964   $13,068   $(10,136)
Preferred stock dividends  $(315)  $(315)  $(627)  $(630)
Net income (loss) available to common stockholders  $8,075   $14,649   $12,441   $(10,766)
Net income (loss) per share, basic  $0.11   $0.27   $0.18   $(0.20)
Net income (loss) per share, diluted  $0.11   $0.27   $0.17   $(0.20)
Weighted-average shares outstanding, basic   71,260    54,498    70,808    54,163 
Weighted-average shares outstanding, diluted   71,929    54,498    71,961    54,163 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 

 

ALTO INGREDIENTS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited, in thousands)

 

   Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
   2021   2020 
Operating Activities:        
Consolidated net income (loss)  $13,068   $(12,302)
Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:          
Depreciation   11,670    18,806 
Asset impairments   3,100    
 
Income from loan forgiveness   (3,887)   
 
Non-cash compensation   1,655    1,441 
Amortization of deferred financing fees   701    497 
Fair value adjustments   
    641 
Interest added to debt   
    133 
Bad debt expense   143    1 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   (23,694)   25,435 
Inventories   (18,526)   14,274 
Prepaid expenses and other assets   8,615    (403)
Prepaid inventory   361    (1,652)
Operating leases   (2,069)   (2,348)
Assets held-for-sale   (2,915)   1,012 
Liabilities held-for-sale   1,445    9,345 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   11,096    (9,225)
Net cash provided by operating activities   763    45,655 
Investing Activities:          
Proceeds from Madera Sale   19,500    
 
Proceeds from PAL Sale   
    19,896 
Additions to property and equipment   (4,192)   (2,510)
Net cash provided by investing activities   15,308    17,386 
Financing Activities:          
Net proceeds from (payments on) Kinergy’s line of credit   24,406    (36,897)
Proceeds from stock option exercises   462    
 
Principal payments on borrowings   (37,810)   (25,500)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock   
    282 
Proceeds from borrowings   
    9,860 
Net cash used in financing activities   (12,942)   (52,255)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents   3,129    10,786 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   47,667    18,997 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period  $50,796   $29,783 
           
Supplemental Information:          
Interest paid  $2,723   $9,733 
Accrued preferred stock dividends  $627   $630 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

 

ALTO INGREDIENTS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(unaudited, in thousands)

 

   Preferred Stock   Common Stock   Additional
Paid-In
   Accumulated   Accum. Other
Comprehensive
   Non-Controlling     
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Income (Loss)   Interests   Total 
Balances, January 1, 2021   927   $1    72,487   $72   $1,036,638   $(736,598)  $(3,878)  $
     —
   $296,235 
                                              
Restricted stock issued to employees and directors, net of cancellations and tax   
    
    550    1    (186)   
    
    
    (185)
                                              
Stock-based compensation       
        
    804    
    
    
    804 
                                              
Stock option exercises   
    
    124    
    462    
    
    
    462 
                                              
Preferred stock dividends       
        
    
    (312)   
    
    (312)
                                              
Net loss       
        
    
    4,678    
    
    4,678 
                                              
Balances, March 31, 2021   927   $1    73,161   $73   $1,037,718   $(732,232)  $(3,878)  $
   $301,682 
                                              
Restricted stock issued to employees and directors, net of cancellations and tax   
    
    (350)   
    (2,589)   
    
    
    (2,589)
                                              
Stock-based compensation       
        
    851    
    
    
    851 
                                              
Preferred stock dividends       
        
    
    (315)   
    
    (315)
                                              
Net income       
        
    
    8,390    
    
    8,390 
                                              
Balances, June 30, 2021   927   $1    72,811   $73   $1,035,980   $(724,157)  $(3,878)  $
   $308,019 

 

   Preferred Stock   Common Stock   Additional
Paid-In
   Accumulated   Accum. Other
Comprehensive
   Non-Controlling     
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Income (Loss)   Interests   Total 
Balances, January 1, 2020   927   $1    55,508   $56   $942,307   $(720,214)  $(2,370)  $7,265   $227,045 
                                              
Restricted stock issued to employees and directors, net of cancellations and tax   
    
    (38)   (4)   3    
    
    
    (1)
                                              
Stock-based compensation       
        
    865    
    
    
    865 
                                              
Issuances of common stock   
    
    421    4    278    
    
    
    282 
                                              
Preferred stock dividends       
        
    
    (315)   
    
    (315)
                                              
Net loss       
        
    
    (25,100)   
    (2,056)   (27,156)
                                              
Balances, March 31, 2020   927   $1    55,891   $56   $943,453   $(745,629)  $(2,370)  $5,209   $200,720 
                                              
Restricted stock issued to employees and directors, net of cancellations and tax   
    
    (409)   (1)   6    
    
    
    5 
                                              
Stock-based compensation       
        
    576    
    
    
    576 
                                              
Preferred stock dividends       
        
    
    (315)   
    
    (315)
                                              
Sale of interests in PAL       
        
    
    
    
    (5,099)   (5,099)
                                              
Net income (loss)       
        
    
    14,964    
    (110)   14,854 
                                              
Balances, June 30, 2020   927   $1    55,482   $55   $944,035   $(730,980)  $(2,370)  $
   $210,741 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

5

 

 

ALTO INGREDIENTS, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

 

1.ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION.

 

Organization and Business – The consolidated financial statements include, for all periods presented, the accounts of Alto Ingredients, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Alto Ingredients”), and its direct and indirect subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”), including its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Kinergy Marketing LLC, an Oregon limited liability company (“Kinergy”), Alto Nutrients LLC, a California limited liability company, Alto Op Co., a Delaware corporation, and all seven of the Company’s production facilities through May 14, 2021. As discussed in Note 2, on May 14, 2021, the Company completed the sale of its production facility located in Madera, California.

 

The Company is a leading producer and marketer of specialty alcohols and essential ingredients. The Company also produces and markets fuel-grade ethanol. The Company’s production facilities in Pekin, Illinois are located in the heart of the Corn Belt, benefit from low-cost and abundant feedstock and allow for access to many additional domestic markets. In addition, the Company’s ability to load unit trains and barges from these facilities allows for greater access to international markets. The Company’s three production facilities in California, Oregon and Idaho, located in close proximity to both feed and fuel-grade ethanol customers, enjoy unique advantages in efficiency, logistics and product pricing.

 

The Company has a combined production capacity of 410 million gallons per year, markets, on an annualized basis, over 500 million gallons of alcohols, and produces, on an annualized basis, nearly 1.5 million tons of essential ingredients on a dry matter basis, such as dried yeast, corn gluten meal, corn gluten feed, and distillers grains and liquid feed used in commercial animal feed and pet foods.

 

The Company focuses on four key markets: Health, Home & Beauty; Food & Beverage; Essential Ingredients; and Renewable Fuels. Products for the Health, Home & Beauty market include specialty alcohols used in mouthwash, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, hand sanitizers, disinfectants and cleaners. Products for the Food & Beverage markets include grain neutral spirits used in alcoholic beverages and vinegar as well as corn germ used for corn oils. Products for Essential Ingredients markets include yeast, corn gluten and distillers grains used in commercial animal feed and pet foods. Renewable Fuels includes fuel-grade ethanol and distillers corn oil used as a feedstock for renewable diesel fuel.

 

As of June 30, 2021, the Company was operating at approximately 71% of its 410 million gallon annual production capacity. As market conditions change, the Company may increase, decrease or idle production at one or more operating facilities or resume operations at any idled facility.

 

Basis of PresentationInterim Financial Statements – The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Results for interim periods should not be considered indicative of results for a full year. These interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. The accounting policies used in preparing these consolidated financial statements are the same as those described in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair statement of the results for interim periods have been included. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

6

 

 

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts – Trade accounts receivable are presented at face value, net of the allowance for doubtful accounts. The Company sells specialty alcohols to large consumer products companies, sells fuel-grade ethanol to gasoline refining and distribution companies, sells essential ingredients to animal feed customers, including distillers grains and other feed co-products to dairy operators and animal feedlots and corn oil to poultry and biodiesel customers generally without requiring collateral.

 

The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts for balances that appear to have specific collection issues. The collection process is based on the age of the invoice and requires attempted contacts with the customer at specified intervals. If, after a specified number of days, the Company has been unsuccessful in its collection efforts, a bad debt allowance is recorded for the balance in question. Delinquent accounts receivable are charged against the allowance for doubtful accounts once uncollectibility has been determined. The factors considered in reaching this determination are the apparent financial condition of the customer and the Company’s success in contacting and negotiating with the customer. If the financial condition of the Company’s customers were to deteriorate, resulting in an impairment of ability to make payments, additional allowances may be required.

 

Of the accounts receivable balance, approximately $61,501,000 and $35,839,000 at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, were used as collateral under Kinergy’s operating line of credit. The allowance for doubtful accounts was $363,000 and $260,000 as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The Company recorded a bad debt expense of $52,000 and a bad debt recovery of $18,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Company recorded a bad debt expense of $143,000 and $1,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Company does not have any off-balance sheet credit exposure related to its customers.

 

Financial Instruments – The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, derivative assets, accounts payable, accrued liabilities and derivative liabilities are reasonable estimates of their fair values because of the short maturity of these items. The carrying value of the Company’s senior secured notes are recorded at fair value and are considered Level 2 fair value measurements. The Company believes the carrying value of its notes receivable are not considered materially different than fair value due to their recent issuances, and other long-term debt instruments’ carrying values are not considered materially different than fair value because the interest rates on these instruments are variable, and are considered Level 2 fair value measurements.

 

Estimates and Assumptions – The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates are required as part of determining the allowance for doubtful accounts, net realizable value of inventory, estimated lives of property and equipment, long-lived asset impairments, fair value of warrants, valuation allowances on deferred income taxes and the potential outcome of future tax consequences of events recognized in the Company’s financial statements or tax returns, and the valuation of assets acquired and liabilities assumed as a result of business combinations. Actual results and outcomes may materially differ from management’s estimates and assumptions.

 

2.ASSETS AND LIABILITIES HELD-FOR-SALE.

 

In October 2020, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a plan to sell the Company’s fuel-grade ethanol production facilities located in Madera and Stockton, California. As a result, the Company determined the related long-lived asset groups should be classified as held-for-sale at December 31, 2020. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company provided for an additional impairment charge of $1.2 million based on revised fair value estimates.

 

On May 14, 2021, the Company closed the sale of its Madera facility for total consideration of $28.3 million, comprised of $19.5 million in cash and $8.8 million in assumption of liabilities, resulting in a net loss on sale of less than $0.1 million, recorded as other income (expense), net in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations. All of the cash proceeds were used to repay a significant portion of the Company’s term debt and accrued interest.

 

7

 

 

The Company continues to market its Stockton facility for sale.

 

In June 2021, the Company agreed to a plan to sell certain assets of the Company’s idled facility in Canton, Illinois. As a result, the Company determined the related long-lived asset groups should be classified as held-for-sale at June 30, 2021. During the three months ended June 30, 2021, the Company recorded an estimated impairment charge of $1.9 million based on fair value estimates.

 

The Company classified the following assets and liabilities as held-for-sale as of June 30, 2021 (in thousands):

 

   Stockton   Canton 
Property and equipment, net  $19,535   $1,000 
Right of use operating lease assets, net   9,664    
 
Assets held-for-sale  $29,199   $1,000 

 

   Stockton   Canton 
Liabilities held-for-sale – operating leases  $10,478   $
      —
 

 

The Company classified the following assets and liabilities as held-for-sale as of December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

 

   Stockton   Madera 
Property and equipment, net  $19,535   $29,013 
Right of use operating lease assets, net   9,747    
 
Assets held-for-sale  $29,282   $29,013 

 

   Stockton   Madera 
Operating lease obligations  $10,435   $
 
Assessment financing   
    9,107 
Liabilities held-for-sale  $10,435   $9,107 

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, net sales attributed to the results of operations for Stockton and Madera were $0.4 million and less than $0.1 million, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2020, net sales attributed to the results of operations for Stockton and Madera were $0.5 million and $1.0 million, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2021, pre-tax loss attributed to the results of operations for Stockton and Madera was $1.4 million and $0.2 million, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2020, pre-tax loss attributed to the results of operations for Stockton and Madera was $1.2 million and $1.8 million, respectively.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, net sales attributed to the results of operations for Stockton and Madera were $0.6 million and less than $0.1 million, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, net sales attributed to the results of operations for Stockton and Madera were $22.4 million and $22.5 million, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2021, pre-tax loss attributed to the results of operations for Stockton and Madera was $2.2 million and $1.8 million, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, pre-tax loss attributed to the results of operations for Stockton and Madera was $3.5 million and $3.6 million, respectively.

 

3.SEGMENTS.

 

The Company reports its financial and operating performance in three segments: (1) marketing and distribution, which includes marketing and merchant trading for Company-produced alcohols and essential ingredients on an aggregated basis, and third-party fuel-grade ethanol (2) Pekin production, which includes the production and sale of alcohols and essential ingredients produced at the Company’s Pekin, Illinois campus (“Pekin Campus”), and (3) Other production, which includes the production and sale of fuel-grade ethanol and essential ingredients produced at all of the Company’s other production facilities on an aggregated basis (“Other production”), none of which are individually so significant as to be considered a reportable segment.

 

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The following tables set forth certain financial data for the Company’s operating segments (in thousands):

 

   Three Months Ended
June 30,
   Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
   2021   2020   2021   2020 
Net Sales                
Marketing and distribution:                
Alcohol sales, gross  $86,299   $71,117   $143,309   $128,623 
Alcohol sales, net   532    307    984    736 
Intersegment sales   2,618    1,838    4,862    6,153 
Total marketing and distribution sales   89,449    73,262    149,155    135,512 
                     
Pekin Campus production, recorded as gross:                    
Alcohol sales  $132,296   $94,538   $227,380   $178,669 
Essential ingredient sales   49,578    33,633    94,655    73,504 
Intersegment sales   316    263    628    680 
Total Pekin Campus sales   182,190    128,434    322,663    252,853 
                     
Other production, recorded as gross:                    
Alcohol sales  $22,153   $9,796   $38,121   $109,025 
Essential ingredient sales   7,252    2,683    12,395    32,921 
Intersegment sales   332    410    637    701 
Total Other production sales   29,737    12,889    51,153    142,647 
                     
Intersegment eliminations   (3,266)   (2,511)   (6,127)   (7,534)
Net sales as reported  $298,110   $212,074   $516,844   $523,478 
                     
Cost of goods sold:                    
Marketing and distribution  $85,746   $69,101   $139,705   $126,240 
Pekin Campus production   171,547    95,070    299,250    221,840 
Other production   27,325    18,354    51,442    160,663 
Intersegment eliminations   (1,741)   (1,633)   (2,623)   (3,557)
Cost of goods sold as reported  $282,877   $180,892   $487,774   $505,186 
                     
Income (loss) before benefit for income taxes:                    
Marketing and distribution  $1,678   $2,043   $5,411   $4,286 
Pekin Campus production   10,726    27,459    20,736    19,280 
Other production   (1,666)   (10,252)   (7,609)   (33,816)
Corporate activities   (2,348)   (4,396)   (5,470)   (2,052)
  $8,390   $14,854   $13,068   $(12,302)
                     
Depreciation:                    
Pekin Campus production  $4,326   $4,371   $8,671   $8,757 
Other production   1,468    3,697    2,966    9,982 
Corporate activities   17    33    33    67 
  $5,811   $8,101   $11,670   $18,806 
Interest expense:                    
Marketing and distribution  $222   $313   $426   $940 
Pekin Campus production   73    1,594    591    3,679 
Other production   46    29    182    60 
Corporate activities   704    2,711    1,731    5,275 
  $1,045   $4,647   $2,930   $9,954 

 

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The following table sets forth the Company’s total assets by operating segment (in thousands): 

 

   June 30,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
Total assets:        
         
Marketing and distribution  $140,204   $89,337 
Pekin Campus production   254,206    234,439 
Other production   83,330    102,409 
Corporate assets   21,464    50,633 
   $499,204   $476,818 

 

4.INVENTORIES.

 

Inventories consisted primarily of bulk ethanol, specialty alcohols, corn, essential ingredients and unleaded fuel, and are valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value, with cost determined on a first-in, first-out basis. Inventory is net of valuation adjustments of $1,800,000 and $1,033,000 as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. Inventory balances consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

   June 30,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
Finished goods  $40,497   $25,154 
Work in progress   5,701    4,333 
Raw materials   10,788    7,074 
Other   1,265    1,364 
Total  $58,251   $37,925 

 

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5.DERIVATIVES.

 

The business and activities of the Company expose it to a variety of market risks, including risks related to changes in commodity prices. The Company monitors and manages these financial exposures as an integral part of its risk management program. This program recognizes the unpredictability of financial markets and seeks to reduce the potentially adverse effects that market volatility could have on operating results.

 

Commodity RiskCash Flow Hedges – The Company uses derivative instruments to protect cash flows from fluctuations caused by volatility in commodity prices for periods of up to twelve months in order to protect gross profit margins from potentially adverse effects of market and price volatility on alcohol sales and purchase commitments where the prices are set at a future date and/or if the contracts specify a floating or index-based price. In addition, the Company hedges anticipated sales of alcohol to minimize its exposure to the potentially adverse effects of price volatility. These derivatives may be designated and documented as cash flow hedges and effectiveness is evaluated by assessing the probability of the anticipated transactions and regressing commodity futures prices against the Company’s purchase and sales prices. Ineffectiveness, which is defined as the degree to which the derivative does not offset the underlying exposure, is recognized immediately in cost of goods sold. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the Company did not designate any of its derivatives as cash flow hedges.

 

Commodity Risk – Non-Designated Hedges – The Company uses derivative instruments to lock in prices for certain amounts of corn and alcohols by entering into exchange-traded forward contracts or options for those commodities. These derivatives are not designated for hedge accounting treatment. The changes in fair value of these contracts are recorded on the balance sheet and recognized immediately in cost of goods sold. The Company recognized net gains of $8,868,000 and $0 as the change in the fair value of these contracts for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Company recognized net gains of $19,411,000 and $0 as the change in the fair value of these contracts for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

Non Designated Derivative Instruments – The classification and amounts of the Company’s derivatives not designated as hedging instruments, and related cash collateral balances, are as follows (in thousands):

 

   As of June 30, 2021
   Assets  Liabilities
Type of Instrument  Balance Sheet Location  Fair
Value
   Balance Sheet Location  Fair
Value
 
               
Cash collateral balance  Other current assets  $3,777         
Commodity contracts  Derivative assets  $28,498   Derivative liabilities  $20,174 

 

 

   As of December 31, 2020
   Assets  Liabilities
Type of Instrument  Balance Sheet Location  Fair
Value
   Balance Sheet Location  Fair
Value
 
               
Cash collateral balance  Other current assets  $520         
Commodity contracts  Derivative assets  $17,149   Derivative liabilities  $
 

 

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The classification and amounts of the Company’s recognized gains for its derivatives not designated as hedging instruments are as follows (in thousands):

 

      Realized Gains 
      For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Type of Instrument  Statements of Operations Location  2021   2020 
            
Commodity contracts  Cost of goods sold  $18,158   $
 
      $18,158   $
 

 

      Realized Gains 
      For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
Type of Instrument  Statements of Operations Location  2021   2020 
            
Commodity contracts  Cost of goods sold  $24,343   $
 
      $24,343   $
 

 

      Unrealized Losses 
      For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Type of Instrument  Statements of Operations Location  2021   2020 
            
Commodity contracts  Cost of goods sold  $9,290   $
 
      $9,290   $
 

 

      Unrealized Losses 
      For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
Type of Instrument  Statements of Operations Location  2021   2020 
            
Commodity contracts  Cost of goods sold  $4,932   $
 
      $4,932   $
 

 

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6.DEBT.

 

Long-term borrowings are summarized as follows (in thousands):

 

   June 30,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
Kinergy line of credit  $56,918   $32,512 
Pekin revolving loan   7,580    20,580 
ICP revolving loan   9,384    9,384 
Parent notes payable   723    25,533 
CARES Act loans   5,973    9,860 
    80,578    97,869 
Less unamortized debt premium   
    230 
Less unamortized debt financing costs   (70)   (759)
Less short-term portion   (23,660)   (25,533)
Long-term debt  $56,848   $71,807 

 

Parent Notes Payable – On May 14, 2021, with proceeds from the Company’s sale of its Madera, California facility, the Company repaid $19.3 million of principal on its notes payable, resulting in an aggregate balance of $0.7 million.

 

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CARES Act Loans – On May 4, 2020, Alto Ingredients, Inc. and Alto Pekin, LLC, or Alto Pekin, received loan proceeds from Bank of America, NA under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”), through the Paycheck Protection Program administered by the U.S. Small Business Administration (“SBA”). Alto Ingredients, Inc. received $6.0 million and Alto Pekin received $3.9 million in loan proceeds. Under the terms of the loans, certain amounts may be forgiven if they are used for qualifying expenses as described in the CARES Act. In June 2021, the SBA approved Alto Pekin’s forgiveness application for the full amount of $3.9 million, and accordingly, the Company recognized income from loan forgiveness for the three months ended June 30, 2021. The Company has applied to the SBA for forgiveness of the Company’s remaining loan. The SBA may audit the loan forgiveness applications and further examine eligibility for forgiveness, including the facts and circumstances existing at the time the loans were made. The Company can provide no assurances that any loan forgiven will not require repayment following an audit by the SBA.

  

Maturities of Long-term Debt – The Company’s long-term debt matures as follows (in thousands):

 

December 31:    
2021  $723 
2022   22,937 
2023   56,918 
   $80,578 

 

Restrictions – At June 30, 2021, there were approximately $245.7 million of net assets at the Company’s subsidiaries that were not available for transfer to Alto Ingredients, Inc. in the form of dividends, loans or advances due to restrictions contained in the credit facilities of the Company’s subsidiaries.

 

7.COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES.

 

Sales Commitments – At June 30, 2021, the Company had entered into sales contracts with its major customers to sell certain quantities of alcohol and essential ingredients. The Company had open alcohol indexed-price contracts for 96,399,000 gallons as of June 30, 2021 and open fixed-price alcohol sales contracts totaling $223,575,000 as of June 30, 2021. The Company had open fixed-price sales contracts for essential ingredients totaling $11,061,000 and open indexed-price sales contracts of essential ingredients for 117,000 tons as of June 30, 2021. These sales contracts are scheduled for completion over the next twelve months.

 

Purchase Commitments – At June 30, 2021, the Company had indexed-price purchase contracts to purchase 17,706,000 gallons of alcohol and fixed-price purchase contracts to purchase $39,086,000 of alcohol from its suppliers. The Company had fixed-price purchase contracts to purchase $77,375,000 of corn from its suppliers as of June 30, 2021. These purchase commitments are scheduled to be satisfied throughout 2021.

 

Litigation – General The Company is subject to various claims and contingencies in the ordinary course of its business, including those related to litigation, business transactions, employee-related matters, environmental regulations, and others. When the Company is aware of a claim or potential claim, it assesses the likelihood of any loss or exposure. If it is probable that a loss will result and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated, the Company will record a liability for the loss. If the loss is not probable or the amount of the loss cannot be reasonably estimated, the Company discloses the claim if the likelihood of a potential loss is reasonably possible and the amount involved could be material. While there can be no assurances, the Company does not expect that any of its pending legal proceedings will have a material impact on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations.

 

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8.PENSION AND RETIREMENT BENEFIT PLANS.

 

The Company sponsors a defined benefit pension plan (the “Retirement Plan”) and a health care and life insurance plan (the “Postretirement Plan”). The Company assumed the Retirement Plan and the Postretirement Plan as part of its acquisition of Aventine Renewable Energy Holdings, Inc. on July 1, 2015.

 

The Retirement Plan is noncontributory, and covers only “grandfathered” unionized employees at the Company’s Pekin, Illinois facility who fulfill minimum age and service requirements. Benefits are based on a prescribed formula based upon the employee’s years of service. The Retirement Plan, which is part of a collective bargaining agreement, covers only union employees hired prior to November 1, 2010.

 

The Company uses a December 31 measurement date for its Retirement Plan. The Company’s funding policy is to make the minimum annual contribution required by applicable regulations. As of December 31, 2020, the Retirement Plan’s accumulated projected benefit obligation was $24.6 million, with a fair value of plan assets of $17.6 million. The underfunded amount of $7.0 million is recorded on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet in other liabilities.

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, the Retirement Plan’s net periodic expense was $22,000, comprised of $151,000 in interest cost and $109,000 in service cost, partially offset by $238,000 of expected return on plan assets. For the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Retirement Plan’s net periodic expense was $48,000, comprised of $173,000 in interest cost and $101,000 in service cost, partially offset by $226,000 of expected return on plan assets. For the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Retirement Plan’s net periodic expense was $44,000, comprised of $302,000 in interest cost and $218,000 in service cost, partially offset by $476,000 of expected return on plan assets. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Retirement Plan’s net periodic expense was $96,000, comprised of $346,000 in interest cost and $202,000 in service cost, partially offset by $452,000 of expected return on plan assets.

 

The Postretirement Plan provides postretirement medical benefits and life insurance to certain “grandfathered” unionized employees. Employees hired after December 31, 2000 are not eligible to participate in the Postretirement Plan. The Postretirement Plan is contributory, with contributions required at the same rate as active employees. Benefit eligibility under the plan declines at age 65 from a defined benefit to a defined dollar cap based upon years of service. As of December 31, 2020, the Postretirement Plan’s accumulated projected benefit obligation was $5.3 million and is recorded on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet in other liabilities. The Company’s funding policy is to make the minimum annual contribution required by applicable regulations.

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, the Postretirement Plan’s net periodic expense was $42,000, comprised of $10,000 of interest cost, $26,000 of service cost and $6,000 of amortization expense. For the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Postretirement Plan’s net periodic expense was $59,000, comprised of $38,000 of interest cost, $14,000 of service cost and $7,000 of amortization expense.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Postretirement Plan’s net periodic expense was $84,000, comprised of $20,000 of interest cost, $52,000 of service cost and $12,000 of amortization expense. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Postretirement Plan’s net periodic expense was $118,000, comprised of $76,000 of interest cost, $28,000 of service cost and $14,000 of amortization expense.

 

9.FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS.

 

The fair value hierarchy prioritizes the inputs used in valuation techniques into three levels, as follows:

 

Level 1 – Observable inputs – unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities;

 

Level 2 – Observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability through corroboration with market data; and

 

Level 3 – Unobservable inputs – includes amounts derived from valuation models where one or more significant inputs are unobservable. For fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs, a description of the inputs and the information used to develop the inputs is required along with a reconciliation of Level 3 values from the prior reporting period.

 

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Pooled separate accounts – Pooled separate accounts invest primarily in domestic and international stocks, commercial paper or single mutual funds. The net asset value is used as a practical expedient to determine fair value for these accounts. Each pooled separate account provides for redemptions by the Retirement Plan at reported net asset values per share, with little to no advance notice requirement, therefore these funds are classified within Level 2 of the valuation hierarchy.

 

Long-Lived Assets Held-for-Sale – The Company recorded its long-lived assets associated with its property and equipment held-for-sale at fair value at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 of $20,535,000 and $48,548,000, respectively. The fair values of these assets are based on observable values for the assets through corroboration with market data and are designated as Level 3 inputs.

 

Other Derivative Instruments – The Company’s other derivative instruments consist of commodity positions. The fair values of the commodity positions are based on quoted prices on the commodity exchanges and are designated as Level 1 inputs.

 

The following table summarizes recurring and nonrecurring fair value measurements by level at June 30, 2021 (in thousands):

 

   Fair             
   Value   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
Assets:                
Derivative financial instruments  $28,498   $28,498   $
   $
 
Long-lived assets held-for-sale   30,199    
    
    30,199 
   $58,697   $28,498   $
   $30,199 
Liabilities:                    
Derivative financial instruments  $(20,174)  $(20,174)  $
   $ 
   $(20,174)  $(20,174)  $
   $ 

 

The following table summarizes recurring and nonrecurring fair value measurements by level at December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

 

                   Benefit Plan 
   Fair               Percentage 
   Value   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Allocation 
Assets:                    
Derivative financial instruments  $17,149   $17,149   $
   $
    
 
 
Long-lived assets held-for-sale   58,295    
    
    58,295    
 
 
Defined benefit plan assets(1) (pooled separate accounts):   
 
    
 
    
 
    
 
    
 
 
Large U.S. Equity(2)   5,470    
    5,470    
    31%
Small/Mid U.S. Equity(3)   2,605    
    2,605    
    15%
International Equity(4)   2,921    
    2,921    
    17%
Fixed Income(5)   6,592    
    6,592    
    37%
   $93,032   $17,149   $17,588   $58,295      
Liabilities:                         
   $
   $
   $
   $
      

 

 

(1)Included in other assets in the consolidated balance sheets.

(2)This category includes investments in funds comprised of equity securities of large U.S. companies. The funds are valued using the net asset value method in which an average of the market prices for the underlying investments is used to value the fund.

(3)This category includes investments in funds comprised of equity securities of small- and medium-sized U.S. companies. The funds are valued using the net asset value method in which an average of the market prices for the underlying investments is used to value the fund.
(4)This category includes investments in funds comprised of equity securities of foreign companies including emerging markets. The funds are valued using the net asset value method in which an average of the market prices for the underlying investments is used to value the fund.

(5)This category includes investments in funds comprised of U.S. and foreign investment-grade fixed income securities, high-yield fixed income securities that are rated below investment-grade, U.S. treasury securities, mortgage-backed securities, and other asset-backed securities. The funds are valued using the net asset value method in which an average of the market prices for the underlying investments is used to value the fund.

 

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10.EARNINGS PER SHARE.

 

The following tables compute basic and diluted earnings per share (in thousands, except per share data):

 

   Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 
   Income
Numerator
   Shares
Denominator
   Per-Share
Amount
 
Net income attributed to Alto Ingredients, Inc.  $8,390           
Less: Preferred stock dividends   (315)          
Basic income per share:               
Income available to common stockholders  $8,075    71,260   $0.11 
Add: Dilutive instruments       669      
Diluted income per share:               
Income available to common stockholders  $8,075    71,929   $0.11 

 

   Three Months Ended June 30, 2020 
   Income
Numerator
   Shares
Denominator
   Per-Share
Amount
 
Net income attributed to Alto Ingredients, Inc.  $14,964           
Less: Preferred stock dividends   (315)          
Basic and diluted income per share:               
Income available to common stockholders  $14,649    54,498   $0.27 

 

   Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 
   Income
Numerator
   Shares
Denominator
   Per-Share
Amount
 
Net income attributed to Alto Ingredients, Inc.  $13,068           
Less: Preferred stock dividends   (627)          
Basic income per share:               
Income available to common stockholders  $12,441    70,808   $0.18 
Add: Dilutive instruments       1,153      
Diluted income per share:               
Income available to common stockholders  $12,441    71,961   $0.17 

 

   Six Months Ended June 30, 2020 
   Loss
Numerator
   Shares
Denominator
   Per-Share
Amount
 
Net loss attributed to Alto Ingredients, Inc.  $(10,136)          
Less: Preferred stock dividends   (630)          
Basic and diluted loss per share:               
Loss available to common stockholders  $(10,766)   54,163   $(0.20)

 

There were an additional aggregate potentially dilutive weighted-average shares of 964,000 from convertible securities outstanding for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. These securities were not considered in calculating diluted net income (loss) per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, as their effect would have been anti-dilutive.

 

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11.PARENT COMPANY FINANCIALS.

 

Restricted Net AssetsAt June 30, 2021, the Company had approximately $245.7 million of net assets at its subsidiaries that were not available for transfer to Alto Ingredients in the form of dividends, distributions, loans or advances due to restrictions contained in the credit facilities of these subsidiaries.

 

Parent company financial statements for the periods covered in this report are set forth below (in thousands):

 

   June 30,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
ASSETS        
Current Assets:        
Cash and cash equivalents  $15,128   $25,632 
Receivables from subsidiaries   13,460    15,548 
Other current assets   2,588    1,836 
Total current assets   31,176    43,016 
           
Property and equipment, net   108    142 
Other Assets:          
Investments in subsidiaries   264,645    246,518 
Alto West, LLC receivable   27,592    42,649 
Right of use operating lease assets, net   2,844    2,985 
Other assets   796    1,088 
Total other assets   295,877    293,240 
Total Assets  $327,161   $336,398 
Current Liabilities:          
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities  $5,439   $2,001 
Accrued Alto Op Co. purchase   3,829    3,829 
Current portion of long-term debt   6,696    25,533 
Other current liabilities   329    473 
Total current liabilities   16,293    31,836 
           
Long-term debt, net of current portion   
    5,564 
Other liabilities   2,849    2,763 
Total Liabilities   19,142    40,163 
Stockholders’ Equity:          
Preferred stock   1    1 
Common and non-voting common stock   73    72 
Additional paid-in capital   1,035,980    1,036,638 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (3,878)   (3,878)
Accumulated deficit   (724,157)   (736,598)
Total Alto Ingredients, Inc. stockholders’ equity   308,019    296,235 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity  $327,161   $336,398 

  

   Three Months Ended
June 30,
   Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
   2021   2020   2021   2020 
                 
Management fees from subsidiaries  $2,486   $2,873   $5,012   $6,126 
Selling, general and administrative expenses   4,393    4,308    9,044    9,685 
Income (loss) from operations   (1,907)   (1,435)   (4,032)   (3,559)
Fair value adjustments   
    (1,314)   
    (641)
Interest expense, net   (704)   (1,721)   (1,731)   (3,297)
Other income (expense)   410    (140)   1,218    (162)
Loss before benefit for income taxes   (2,201)   (4,610)   (4,545)   (7,659)
Benefit for income taxes   
    
    
    
 
Net loss   (2,201)   (4,610)   (4,545)   (7,659)
Equity in income (losses) of subsidiaries   10,591    19,574    17,613    (2,477)
Net income (loss) attributed to Alto Ingredients, Inc.  $8,390   $14,964   $13,068   $(10,136)

 

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   For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
   2021   2020 
Operating Activities:        
Net income (loss)  $13,068   $(10,136)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to cash used in operating activities:          
Equity in (income) losses of subsidiaries   (17,613)   2,477 
Fair value adjustments   
    (641)
Depreciation   33    67 
Amortization of debt (premiums) discounts   409    (115)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   2,088    (1,207)
Other assets   (319)   714 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   (2,416)   
 
Accounts payable with subsidiaries   37    475 
Net cash used in operating activities   (4,713)   (8,366)
Investing Activities:          
Additions to property and equipment   
    
 
Net cash used in investing activities   
    
 
Financing Activities:          
Proceeds from issuances of common stock   462    282 
Proceeds from plant receivables   15,057    5,813 
Proceeds from long-term debt   
    5,973 
Payments on senior notes   (24,810)   
 
Dividend from subsidiary   3,500    
 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   (5,791)   12,068 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents   (10,504)   3,702 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   25,632    4,985 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period  $15,128   $8,687 

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

 

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes to consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this report. This report and our consolidated financial statements and notes to consolidated financial statements contain forward-looking statements, which generally include the plans and objectives of management for future operations, including plans and objectives relating to our future economic performance and our current beliefs regarding revenues we might generate and profits we might earn if we are successful in implementing our business and growth strategies. The forward-looking statements and associated risks may include, relate to or be qualified by other important factors, including:

 

fluctuations in the market prices of alcohols and essential ingredients;

 

fluctuations in the costs of key production input commodities such as corn and natural gas;

 

the projected growth or contraction in the alcohol and essential ingredients markets in which we operate;

 

our strategies for expanding, maintaining or contracting our presence in these markets;

 

anticipated trends in our financial condition and results of operations; and

 

our ability to distinguish ourselves from our current and future competitors.

 

You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report, or in the case of a document incorporated by reference, as of the date of that document. We do not undertake to update, revise or correct any forward-looking statements, except as required by law.

 

Any of the factors described immediately above, or referenced from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission or in the “Risk Factors” section below could cause our financial results, including our net income or loss or growth in net income or loss to differ materially from prior results, which in turn could, among other things, cause the price of our common stock to fluctuate substantially.

 

Overview

 

We are a leading producer and marketer of specialty alcohols and essential ingredients, and the largest producer of specialty alcohols in the United States based on annualized volumes.

 

We operate six alcohol production facilities. Three of our production facilities are located in the Midwestern state of Illinois and three of our facilities are located in the Western states of California, Oregon and Idaho. We are in the process of marketing our Stockton, California facility for sale. We have an annual alcohol production capacity of 410 million gallons. We market all of the alcohols produced at our facilities as well as fuel-grade ethanol produced by third parties. In 2020, we marketed over 500 million gallons combined of our own alcohols as well as fuel-grade ethanol produced by third parties, and nearly 1.5 million tons of essential ingredients on a dry matter basis.

 

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We report our financial and operating performance in three segments: (1) marketing and distribution, which includes marketing and merchant trading for Company-produced alcohols and essential ingredients on an aggregated basis, and third party fuel-grade ethanol (2) Pekin production, which includes the production and sale of alcohols and essential ingredients produced at our Pekin, Illinois campus, or Pekin Campus, and (3) Other production, which includes the production and sale of fuel-grade ethanol and essential ingredients produced at all of our other production facilities on an aggregate basis, none of which are individually so significant as to be considered a reportable segment.

 

Our mission is to expand our business as a leading producer and marketer of specialty alcohols and essential ingredients. We intend to accomplish this goal in part by investing in our specialized and higher value specialty alcohol production and distribution infrastructure, expanding production in high-demand essential ingredients, expanding and extending the sale of our products into new regional and international markets, building efficiencies and economies of scale and by capturing a greater portion of the value stream.

 

Production Segments

 

We produce specialty alcohols, fuel-grade ethanol and essential ingredients, focusing on four key markets: Health, Home & Beauty; Food & Beverage; Essential Ingredients; and Renewable Fuels. Products for the Health, Home & Beauty market include specialty alcohols used in mouthwash, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, hand sanitizers, disinfectants and cleaners. Products for the Food & Beverage markets include grain neutral spirits used in alcoholic beverages and vinegar as well as corn germ used for corn oils. Products for Essential Ingredients markets include yeast, corn gluten and distillers grains used in commercial animal feed and pet foods. Our Renewable Fuels products include fuel-grade ethanol and distillers corn oil used as a feedstock for renewable diesel fuel.

 

We produce our alcohols and essential ingredients at our production facilities described below. Our production facilities located in the Midwest are in the heart of the Corn Belt, benefit from low-cost and abundant feedstock and enjoy logistical advantages that enable us to provide our products to both domestic and international markets via truck, rail or barge. Our production facilities located on the West Coast are near their respective fuel and feed customers, offering significant timing, transportation cost and logistical advantages.

 

We are currently operating at approximately 71% of our estimated maximum annual production capacity. Our Magic Valley and Stockton facilities are currently idled. As market conditions change, we may increase, decrease or idle production at one or more operating facilities or resume operations at any idled facility.

 

      Annual Production Capacity
(estimated, in gallons)
 
Production Facility  Location  Fuel-Grade Ethanol   Specialty Alcohol 
Pekin Campus  Pekin, IL   110,000,000    140,000,000 
Magic Valley  Burley, ID   60,000,000     
Columbia  Boardman, OR   40,000,000     
Stockton  Stockton, CA   60,000,000     

 

Marketing Segment

 

We market all of the alcohols and essential ingredients we produce at our facilities. We also market fuel-grade ethanol produced by third parties.

 

We have extensive and long-standing customer relationships, both domestic and international, for our specialty alcohols and essential ingredients. These customers include producers and distributors of ingredients for cosmetics, sanitizers and related products, distilled spirits producers, food products manufacturers, producers of personal health/consumer health and personal care hygiene products, and global trading firms.

 

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Our fuel-grade ethanol customers are located throughout the Western and Midwestern United States and consist of integrated oil companies and gasoline marketers who blend fuel-grade ethanol into gasoline. Our customers depend on us to provide a reliable supply of fuel-grade ethanol and manage the logistics and timing of delivery with very little effort on their part. Our customers collectively require fuel-grade ethanol volumes in excess of the supplies we produce at our facilities. We secure additional fuel-grade ethanol supplies from third-party fuel-grade ethanol plants in California and other third-party suppliers in the Midwest where a majority of fuel-grade ethanol producers are located. We arrange for transportation, storage and delivery of fuel-grade ethanol purchased by our customers through our agreements with third-party service providers in the Western United States as well as in the Midwest from a variety of sources.

 

We market our essential ingredient feed products to dairies and feedlots, in many cases located near our production facilities. These customers use our feed products for livestock as a substitute for corn and other sources of starch and protein. We sell our corn oil to poultry and biodiesel customers. We do not market essential ingredients from other producers.

 

See “Note 3 – Segments” to our Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this report for financial information about our business segments.

 

Current Initiatives and Outlook

 

We achieved our fifth consecutive quarter of gross profit and continue to reap the benefits of our new business focus on specialty alcohols and essential ingredients. As part of our business transformation, we continue to improve our balance sheet, invest in our production infrastructure, expand our product offerings and pursue new long-term accretive growth opportunities.

 

We are expanding, deepening and strengthening our relationships with key customers as a leading certified producer of a growing variety of specialty alcohols used in common everyday consumer goods such as vinegars, spirits, mouthwash, cosmetics and cleaning products. Through our integrated production and operations at our Pekin, Illinois campus along with our enhanced certifications, we can provide surety of quality, supply and redundancy, all of which are material differentiators among our growing base of product offerings. We are well positioned through these and other distinctions as we begin the contracting process for specialty alcohol volumes for 2022 and beyond. We believe that we will improve utilization over time of our expanded specialty alcohol production capacity.

 

We remain on track to generate a minimum of $60 million in gross profit in 2021 from the sale of specialty alcohols under fixed-price contracts. Many variables could materially impact this projected amount and our overall results, including export conditions, the ability of our customers to take all of their contracted volumes for 2021, market demand for sanitizers and disinfectants, our ability to timely sell our Stockton, California production facility, and fuel-grade ethanol crush margins.

 

In the second quarter, we closed the sale of our fuel-grade ethanol facility in Madera, California. As we continue our business transformation to further focus on specialty alcohols and essential ingredients, our asset sale initiatives are now targeting our fuel-grade ethanol facility in Stockton, California and the remaining assets of our non-operating facility in Canton, Illinois.

 

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Our capital improvement projects are on-track and directed at expanding revenue and increasing efficiencies and plant reliability. Our yeast facility expansion and Pekin campus upgrade projects are scheduled for completion and full operation by the third quarter with an expected payback in less than two years, or approximately $5.0 million in additional annual earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, or EBITDA. We are also expanding our annual corn oil production capacity at our Pekin campus by approximately 4,000 tons, which we estimate will contribute an additional $4.5 million in EBITDA annually. This project is on-track for completion before year-end.

 

We have scheduled a mid-August repair and maintenance shutdown of our Pekin campus wet mill. This project is scheduled to occur during a period of choppy market conditions resulting from low pre-harvest corn inventories and tight fuel-grade ethanol margins. Lower revenues and higher repair and maintenance expenses resulting from this project are expected to impact only the third quarter. We do not anticipate any impact on our ability to meet our contractual supply obligations for specialty alcohols or essential ingredients. The net effect of this project will be improved efficiency and reliability of our Pekin campus wet mill and better alignment of our production with market demand.

 

Looking ahead, among many other projects under development is our plan to expand protein production at our dry-mill facilities, which collectively represent 250 million gallons of annual production capacity. We believe the economics of expanded protein production are compelling and would expect to achieve growth and greater diversity in revenue as well as growth and higher quality of earnings.

 

Our Pekin Campus sits on the Mt. Simon sandstone formation, considered one of the most significant potential carbon storage resources in the United States. As a member of the Carbon Capture Coalition, we are actively engaged in discussions to develop a carbon capture and sequestration program at our Pekin site, which generates over 600,000 tons of CO2 annually, and expect to be an active player in the carbon capture space.

 

Over the past year, we have improved operations and our production footprint to focus on our most profitable and strategic operations. We have also repaired our balance sheet. We are now pursuing opportunities to expand our business through enhanced service and product offerings and accretive vertical integration.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

The preparation of our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, requires us to make judgments and estimates that may have a significant impact upon the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations. We believe that of our significant accounting policies, the following require estimates and assumptions that require complex, subjective judgments by management that can materially impact the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations: revenue recognition; impairment of long-lived assets and held-for-sale classification; valuation of allowance for deferred taxes and derivative instruments. These significant accounting principles are more fully described in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Critical Accounting Policies” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

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Results of Operations

 

The following selected financial information should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes to our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this report, and the other sections of “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contained in this report.

 

Certain performance metrics that we believe are important indicators of our results of operations include:

 

  

Three Months Ended

June 30,

   Percentage  

Six Months Ended

June 30,

   Percentage 
   2021   2020   Variance   2021   2020   Variance 
Fuel-grade ethanol production gallons sold (in millions)   41.4    27.0    53.3%   80.4    127.2    (36.8)%
Specialty alcohol production gallons sold (in millions)   24.3    29.9    (18.7)%   43.3    52.2    (17.0)%
Third party fuel-grade ethanol gallons sold (in millions)   59.3    73.9    (19.8)%   113.3    136.3    (16.9)%
Total gallons sold (in millions)   125.0    130.8    (4.4)%   237.0    315.7    (24.9)%
                               
Total gallons produced (in millions)   63.6    47.6    33.6%   121.5    163.9    (25.9)%
                               
Production capacity utilization   59%   40%   47.5%   56%   60%   (6.7)%
                               
Average sales price per gallon  $2.41   $1.59    51.6%  $2.17   $1.55    40.0%
                               
Corn cost per bushel – CBOT equivalent  $6.05   $3.39    78.5%  $5.51   $3.59    53.5%
Average basis (1)  $0.41   $0.20    105.0%  $0.36   $0.32    12.5%
Delivered cost of corn  $6.46   $3.59    79.9%  $5.87   $3.91    50.1%
                               
Total essential ingredients tons sold (in thousands)   304.0    250.1    21.6%   580.9    922.0    (37.0)%
                               
Essential ingredients revenues as % of delivered cost of corn(2)   32.2%   46.5%   (30.8)%   35.9%   41.8%   (14.1)%
                               
Average CBOT ethanol price per gallon  $2.30   $1.08    113.0%  $2.00   $1.16    72.4%
Average CBOT corn price per bushel  $6.62   $3.23    105.0%  $6.01   $3.59    67.4%

 

 

 

(1)Corn basis represents the difference between the immediate cash price of delivered corn and the future price of corn for Chicago delivery.
(2)Essential ingredients revenues as a percentage of delivered cost of corn shows our yield based on sales of essential ingredients, including wet distillers grains and corn oil, generated from alcohol we produced.

 

Net Sales, Cost of Goods Sold and Gross Profit

 

The following table presents our net sales, cost of goods sold and gross profit in dollars and gross profit as a percentage of net sales (in thousands, except percentages):

 

   Three Months Ended
June 30,
   Variance in   Six Months Ended
June 30,
   Variance in 
   2021   2020   Dollars   Percent   2021   2020   Dollars   Percent 
                                 
Net sales  $298,110   $212,074   $86,036    40.6%  $516,844   $523,478   $(6,634)   (1.3)%
Cost of goods sold   282,877    180,892    101,985    56.4%   487,774    505,186    (17,412)   (3.4)%
Gross profit  $15,233   $31,182   $(15,949)   (51.1)%  $29,070   $18,292   $10,778    58.9%
Percentage of net sales   5.1%   14.7%             5.6%   3.5%          

 

Net Sales

 

The increase in our consolidated net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020 was primarily due to an increase in our average sales price per gallon, partially offset by a decrease in our total gallons sold.

 

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Our production gallons sold and our volume of essential ingredients sold increased for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020 primarily due to the operation of our Pekin dry mill in the second quarter of 2021 which was idled during the second quarter of 2020 because of the Illinois River closure. Our third-party gallons sold declined as compared to the same period in 2020 because we focused our efforts on selling our own fuel-grade ethanol production.

 

The decline in our consolidated net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020 was primarily due to a reduction in our total gallons sold and lower sales of essential ingredients, partially offset by an increase in our average sales price per gallon.

 

Our production gallons, our third-party gallons and our volume of essential ingredients sold declined for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020 due to an intentional reduction in our production of fuel-grade ethanol in the first quarter of 2020 because of adverse market conditions. In addition, the prior year period includes gallons associated with our production facilities that have since been idled and/or sold.

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

On a consolidated basis, our average sales price per gallon increased by 52% to $2.41 for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $1.59 for the same period in 2020. The average Chicago Board of Trade, or CBOT, fuel-grade ethanol price per gallon, increased 113% to $2.30 for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $1.08 for the same period in 2020.

 

Marketing Segment

 

Net sales of fuel-grade ethanol from our marketing segment reported gross, excluding intersegment sales, increased by $15.4 million, or 22%, to $86.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $71.4 million for the same period in 2020.

 

Our volume of third party fuel-grade ethanol gallons sold reported gross by our marketing segment declined by 20.1 million gallons, or 38%, to 33.4 million gallons for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to 53.5 million gallons for the same period in 2020. At our marketing segment’s average sales price per gallon of $2.58 for the three months ended June 30, 2021, we generated $51.9 million less in net sales from our marketing segment from the 20.1 million fewer gallons of third-party fuel-grade ethanol sold gross in the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020.

 

The $1.25 per gallon, or 94%, increase in our marketing segment’s average sales price per gallon for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020 resulted in a $67.1 million increase in our net sales from third-party fuel-grade ethanol sold reported gross by our marketing segment.

 

Our volume of third party fuel-grade ethanol gallons sold reported net by our marketing segment increased by 5.5 million gallons, or 27%, to 25.9 million gallons for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to 20.4 million gallons for the same period in 2020. The increase in third-party fuel-grade ethanol gallons sold reported net increased net sales by $0.2 million.

 

Pekin Campus Production Segment

 

Net sales of alcohol from our Pekin Campus production segment increased by $37.8 million, or 40%, to $132.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $94.5 million for the same period in 2020. Our total volume of production gallons sold increased by 7.2 million gallons, or 14%, to 57.5 million gallons for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to 50.3 million gallons for the same period in 2020. At our Pekin Campus production segment’s average sales price per gallon of $2.30 for the three months ended June 30, 2021, we generated $16.6 million in additional net sales from our Pekin Campus production segment from the 7.2 million additional gallons of alcohol sold in the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020. The increase of $0.42, or 22%, in our Pekin Campus production segment’s average sales price per gallon in the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020 improved our net sales from our Pekin Campus production segment by $21.2 million.

 

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Net sales of essential ingredients increased by $16.0 million, or 48%, to $49.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $33.6 million for the same period in 2020. Our total volume of essential ingredients sold increased by 17,800 tons, or 9%, to 222,200 tons for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from 204,400 tons for the same period in 2020. At our average sales price per ton of $223.12 for the three months ended June 30, 2021, we generated an additional $4.0 million in net sales from the 17,800 additional tons of essential ingredients sold in the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020. The increase of $58.58, or 36%, in our average sales price per ton for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020 increased our net sales from our Pekin Campus production segment by $12.0 million.

 

Other Production Segment

 

Net sales of alcohol from our other production segment increased by $12.4 million, or 127%, to $22.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $9.8 million for the same period in 2020. Our total volume of gallons sold increased by 1.6 million gallons, or 24%, to 8.2 million gallons for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to 6.6 million gallons for the same period in 2020. At our other production segment’s average sales price per gallon of $2.70 for the three months ended June 30, 2021, we generated an additional $4.4 million in net sales from our other production segment from the 1.6 million additional gallons of alcohol sold in the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020. The increase of $1.22, or 82%, in our other production segment’s average sales price per gallon for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020 improved our net sales from our other production segment by $8.0 million.

 

Net sales of essential ingredients increased by $4.6 million, or 170%, to $7.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $2.7 million for the same period in 2020. Our total volume of essential ingredients sold increased by 36,100 tons, or 79%, to 81,800 tons for the three months ended June 30, 2021 from 45,700 tons for the same period in 2020. At our average sales price per ton of $88.66 for the three months ended June 30, 2021, we generated an additional $3.2 million in net sales from the 36,100 additional tons of essential ingredients sold in the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020. The increase of $29.95, or 51%, in our average sales price per ton for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020 increased our net sales from our other production segment by $1.4 million.

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

On a consolidated basis, our average sales price per gallon increased by 40% to $2.17 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $1.55 for the same period in 2020. The average CBOT fuel-grade ethanol price per gallon, increased by 72% to $2.00 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $1.16 for the same period in 2020.

 

Marketing Segment

 

Net sales of fuel-grade ethanol from our marketing segment reported gross, excluding intersegment sales, increased by $14.9 million, or 12%, to $144.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $129.4 million for the same period in 2020.

 

Our volume of third party fuel-grade ethanol gallons sold reported gross by our marketing segment declined by 27.3 million gallons, or 31%, to 60.1 million gallons for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to 87.4 million gallons for the same period in 2020. At our marketing segment’s average sales price per gallon of $2.38 for the six months ended June 30, 2021, we generated $65.1 million less in net sales from our marketing segment from the 27.3 million fewer gallons of third-party fuel-grade ethanol sold gross in the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020.

 

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The $0.91 per gallon, or 62%, increase in our marketing segment’s average sales price per gallon for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020 resulted in a $79.8 million increase in our net sales from third-party fuel-grade ethanol sold reported gross by our marketing segment.

 

Our volume of third party fuel-grade ethanol gallons sold reported net by our marketing segment increased by 4.3 million gallons, or 9%, to 53.2 million gallons for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to 48.9 million gallons for the same period in 2020. The increase in third-party fuel-grade ethanol gallons sold reported net increased net sales by $0.2 million.

 

Pekin Campus Production Segment

 

Net sales of alcohol from our Pekin Campus production segment increased by $48.7 million, or 27%, to $227.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $178.7 million for the same period in 2020. Our total volume of production gallons sold declined by 23.7 million gallons, or 18%, to 108.1 million gallons for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to 131.8 million gallons for the same period in 2020. At our Pekin Campus production segment’s average sales price per gallon of $2.10 for the six months ended June 30, 2021, we generated $49.9 million less in net sales from our Pekin Campus production segment from the 23.7 million fewer gallons of alcohol sold in the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020. The increase of $0.75, or 55%, in our Pekin Campus production segment’s average sales price per gallon in the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020 improved our net sales from our Pekin Campus production segment by $98.6 million.

 

Net sales of essential ingredients increased by $21.2 million, or 29%, to $94.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $73.5 million for the same period in 2020. Our total volume of essential ingredients sold declined by 21,900 tons, or 5%, to 433,700 tons for the six months ended June 30, 2021 from 455,600 tons for the same period in 2020. At our average sales price per ton of $218.25 for the six months ended June 30, 2021, we generated $4.8 million less in net sales from the 21,900 fewer tons of essential ingredients sold in the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020. The increase of $56.92, or 35%, in our average sales price per ton for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020 increased our net sales from our Pekin Campus production segment by $26.0 million.

 

Other Production Segment

 

Net sales of alcohol from our other production segment declined by $70.9 million, or 65%, to $38.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $109.0 million for the same period in 2020. Our total volume of gallons sold declined by 32.0 million gallons, or 67%, to 15.6 million gallons for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to 47.6 million gallons for the same period in 2020. At our other production segment’s average sales price per gallon of $2.44 for the six months ended June 30, 2021, we generated $78.2 million less in net sales from the 32.0 million fewer gallons of alcohol sold in the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020. The increase of $0.15, or 7%, in our other production segment’s average sales price per gallon for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020 improved our net sales from our other production segment by $7.3 million.

 

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Net sales of essential ingredients declined by $20.5 million, or 62%, to $12.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $32.9 million for the same period in 2020. Our total volume of essential ingredients sold declined  by 319,200 tons, or 68%, to 147,200 tons for the six months ended June 30, 2021 from 466,400 tons for the same period in 2020. At our average sales price per ton of $84.21 for the six months ended June 30, 2021, we generated $26.9 million less in net sales from the 319,200 fewer tons of essential ingredients sold in the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020. The increase of $13.62, or 19%, in our average sales price per ton for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020 increased our net sales from our other production segment by $6.4 million.

 

Cost of Goods Sold and Gross Profit

 

Our consolidated gross profit declined to $15.2 million, representing a gross profit margin of 5.1%, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $31.2 million, representing a gross profit margin of 14.7%, for the same period in 2020. Our gross profit and gross profit margin declined primarily due to significantly higher margins during the three months ended June 30, 2020 from spot sales of our high quality alcohol used in sanitizers and disinfectants which experienced unprecedented demand in the quarter.

 

Our consolidated gross profit improved to $29.1 million, representing a gross profit margin of 5.6%, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $18.3 million, representing a gross profit margin of 3.5%, for the same period in 2020. Our gross profit and gross profit margin improved primarily due to a greater proportion of higher margin fixed-price contract sales of our high quality alcohol for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the first six months of 2020 during which we experienced an extreme negative margin environment for fuel-grade ethanol.

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

Marketing Segment

 

Our marketing segment’s gross profit declined by $1.4 million to $1.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $2.8 million for the same period in 2020. Of this reduction, $0.9 million is attributable to lower marketing volumes of third-party fuel-grade ethanol and $0.5 million is attributable to lower margins from sales of third-party fuel-grade ethanol for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020.

 

Pekin Campus Production Segment

 

Our Pekin Campus production segment’s gross profit declined by $22.6 million to a gross profit of $11.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $34.2 million for the same period in 2020. Of this decline, $24.0 million is attributable to lower margins from our specialty alcohols, partially offset by $1.4 million in additional gross profit attributable to increased sales volumes in the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020.

 

Other Production Segment

 

Our other production segment’s gross profit improved by $8.0 million to a gross profit of $2.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to a gross loss of $5.8 million for the same period in 2020. Of this improvement, $7.6 million is attributable to higher margins for fuel-grade ethanol and $0.4 million is attributable to increased volumes of fuel-grade ethanol for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020.

 

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Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

Marketing Segment

 

Our marketing segment’s gross profit improved by $1.4 million to $5.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $3.9 million for the same period in 2020. Of this improvement, $3.8 million is attributable to higher margins from sales of third-party fuel-grade ethanol, partially offset by $2.4 million less in gross profit attributable to lower marketing volumes of third-party fuel-grade ethanol for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020.

 

Pekin Campus Production Segment

 

Our Pekin Campus production segment’s gross profit declined by $8.1 million to a gross profit of $24.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to $32.7 million for the same period in 2020. Of this decline, $5.4 million is attributable to lower sales volumes and $2.7 million is attributed to lower margins from our specialty alcohols in the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020.

 

Other Production Segment

 

Our other production segment’s gross profit improved by $17.5 million to a gross loss of $0.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to a gross loss of $18.3 million for the same period in 2020. Of this improvement, $15.9 million is attributable to higher margins and $1.6 million is attributable to lower sales volumes at negative margins for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

 

The following table presents our selling, general and administrative, or SG&A, expenses in dollars and as a percentage of net sales (in thousands, except percentages):

 

   Three Months Ended
June 30,
   Variance in   Six Months Ended
June 30,
   Variance in 
   2021   2020   Dollars   Percent   2021   2020   Dollars   Percent 
Selling, general and administrative expenses  $7,230   $8,629   $(1,399)   (16.2)%  $14,244   $18,841   $(4,597)   (24.4)%
Percentage of net sales   2.4%   4.1%             2.8%   3.6%          

 

Our SG&A expenses declined for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020. The period over period declines in SG&A expenses are primarily due to lower professional fees incurred in 2021, as compared to 2020 during which we were working extensively on our debt restructuring and asset sales efforts. We anticipate SG&A expenses of $27.0 million to $30.0 million for all of 2021.

 

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Interest Expense, net

 

The following table presents our interest expense, net in dollars and as a percentage of net sales (in thousands, except percentages):

 

   Three Months Ended
June 30,
   Variance in   Six Months Ended
June 30,
   Variance in 
   2021   2020   Dollars   Percent   2021   2020   Dollars   Percent 
Interest Expense, net  $1,045   $4,647   $(3,602)   (77.5)%  $2,930   $9,954   $(7,024)   (70.6)%
Percentage of net sales   0.4%   2.2%             0.6%   1.9%          

 

Our interest expense declined for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020. The declines are primarily due to lower debt balances for 2021 as compared to 2020 as we paid down high interest rate debt in the second half of 2020 and continuing into 2021.

 

Net Income (Loss) Available to Common Stockholders

 

The following table presents our net income (loss) available to common stockholders in dollars and as a percentage of net sales (in thousands, except percentages):

 

   Three Months Ended
June 30,
   Variance in   Six Months Ended
June 30,
   Variance in 
   2021   2020   Dollars   Percent   2021   2020   Dollars   Percent 
Net income (loss) available to common stockholders  $8,075   $14,649   $(6,574)   (44.9)%  $12,441   $(10,766)  $23,207    NM   
Percentage of net sales   2.7%   6.9%             2.4%   (2.1)%          

 

The decline in net income available to common stockholders for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020 is primarily due to significantly higher spot margins from sales of our high quality alcohol in the prior year period compared to predominately fixed-price sales in the current year period. The increase in net income available to common stockholders for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020 is primarily due to significantly higher margins from sales of our high quality alcohol in the first quarter of 2021 as compared to the same period in 2020. The first quarter of 2020 also included substantial sales of low- or negative-margin fuel-grade ethanol.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2021, we funded our operations primarily from cash generated by our operations, proceeds from the sale of our Madera facility, proceeds from lines of credit and cash on hand. These funds were also used to make payments on our term debt and our other credit facilities and for capital expenditures. As of June 30, 2021, we had $50.8 million in cash and cash equivalents and $15.0 million available for borrowing under Kinergy’s operating line of credit. We believe we have sufficient liquidity to meet our anticipated working capital, debt service and other liquidity needs for the next twelve months from the date of this report.

 

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Quantitative Period-End Liquidity Status

 

We believe that the following amounts provide insight into our liquidity and capital resources. The following selected financial information should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes to consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this report, and the other sections of “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contained in this report (dollars in thousands).

 

   June 30,
2021
   December 31,
2020
   Change 
Cash and cash equivalents  $50,796   $47,667    6.6%
Current assets  $244,250   $214,046    14.1%
Property and equipment, net  $221,327   $229,486    (3.6)%
Current liabilities  $110,744   $86,927    27.4%
Long-term debt, noncurrent portion  $56,848   $71,807    (20.8)%
Working capital  $133,506   $127,119    5.0%
Working capital ratio   2.21    2.46    (10.2)%

 

Restricted Net Assets

 

At June 30, 2021, we had approximately $245.7 million of net assets at our subsidiaries that were not available for transfer to Alto Ingredients, Inc. in the form of dividends, distributions, loans or advances due to restrictions contained in the credit facilities of the subsidiaries.

 

Changes in Working Capital and Cash Flows

 

Working capital improved to $133.5 million at June 30, 2021 from $127.1 million at December 31, 2020 as a result of an increase of $30.2 million in current assets, partially offset by an increase of $23.8 million in current liabilities.

 

Current assets increased primarily due to an increase in accounts receivable and higher inventory values due to increased commodity prices for both alcohol and corn from the prior period, partially offset by a reduction in assets held-for-sale as we completed the sale of our Madera facility.

 

Our current liabilities increased primarily due to an increase in accounts payable due to the timing of payments and an increase in derivative instruments, partially offset by a reduction in liabilities held-for-sale as we completed the sale of our Madera facility.

 

Our cash and cash equivalents increased by $3.1 million primarily due to $0.8 million in cash provided by our operating activities and $15.3 million in cash provided by our investing activities, partially offset by $13.0 million in cash used in our financing activities.

 

Cash provided by our Operating Activities

 

We generated $0.8 million in cash from our operating activities during the six months ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $45.7 million for the same period in 2020. Specific factors that contributed to the change in cash from our operating activities include:

 

a decrease of $49.1 million related to higher accounts receivable balances due to the timing of payments and higher commodity sales prices;
   
a decrease of $32.8 million related to higher inventories due to increased commodity prices; and
   
a net decrease of $11.8 million of held-for-sale assets and liabilities as we completed the sale of our Madera facility.

 

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These amounts were partially offset by:

 

an increase of $25.4 million in our consolidated net income due to higher margins from our sales of specialty alcohols;
   
an increase of $20.3 million related to accounts payable due to the timing of payments; and
   
an increase in prepaid expenses of $9.0 million related to operating activities.

 

Cash provided by our Investing Activities

 

We generated $15.3 million of cash from our investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2021, of which $19.5 million in cash was generated from the sale of our Madera facility, partially offset by $4.2 million for additions to property and equipment resulting from our capital expenditure projects.

 

Cash used in our Financing Activities

 

Cash used in our financing activities was $13.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, which reflected net payments on term debt of $37.8 million, partially offset by proceeds of $24.4 million from Kinergy’s operating line of credit and $0.5 million in stock option exercises.

 

Kinergy’s Operating Line of Credit

 

Kinergy maintains an operating line of credit for an aggregate amount of up to $100.0 million. The credit facility matures on August 8, 2023. Interest accrues under the credit facility at a rate equal to (i) the daily Secured Overnight Financing Rate, plus (ii) a specified applicable margin ranging from 1.75% to 2.25%. The credit facility’s monthly unused line fee is 0.25% to 0.375% of the amount by which the maximum credit under the facility exceeds the average daily principal balance during the immediately preceding month. Payments that may be made by Kinergy to Alto Ingredients, Inc. as reimbursement for management and other services provided by Alto Ingredients, Inc. to Kinergy are limited under the terms of the credit facility to $1.5 million per fiscal quarter. The credit facility also includes the accounts receivable of our wholly-owned subsidiary, Alto Nutrients, LLC, or Alto Nutrients, as additional collateral. Payments that may be made by Alto Nutrients to Alto Ingredients, Inc. as reimbursement for management and other services provided by Alto Ingredients, Inc. to Alto Nutrients are limited under the terms of the credit facility to $0.5 million per fiscal quarter. Alto Nutrients, one of our indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries, markets our essential ingredients and also provides raw material procurement services to our subsidiaries.

 

For all monthly periods in which excess borrowing availability falls below a specified level, Kinergy and Alto Nutrients must collectively maintain a fixed-charge coverage ratio (calculated as a twelve-month rolling earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization divided by the sum of interest expense, capital expenditures, principal payments of indebtedness, indebtedness from capital leases and taxes paid during such twelve-month rolling period) of at least 2.0 and are prohibited from incurring certain additional indebtedness (other than specific intercompany indebtedness). The obligations of Kinergy and Alto Nutrients under the credit facility are secured by a first-priority security interest in all of their respective assets in favor of the lender.

 

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We believe Kinergy and Alto Nutrients are in compliance with the fixed-charge coverage ratio covenant as of the filing of this report. The following table sets forth the fixed-charge coverage ratio financial covenant and the actual results for the periods presented:

 

   Three Months Ended
June 30,
   Years   Ended
December 31,
 
   2021   2020   2020   2019 
                 
Fixed-Charge Coverage Ratio Requirement   2.00    2.00    2.00    2.00 
Actual   7.92    4.84    5.35    5.71 
Excess   5.92    2.84    3.35    3.71 

 

Alto Ingredients, Inc. has guaranteed all of Kinergy’s obligations under the credit facility. As of June 30, 2021, Kinergy had an outstanding balance of $56.9 million and $15.0 million of unused borrowing availability under the credit facility.

 

Alto Pekin Credit Facilities

 

On December 15, 2016, Alto Pekin, LLC, or Alto Pekin, one of our indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries and the entity that holds two of our production facilities in Pekin, Illinois, entered into a Credit Agreement, or the Pekin Credit Agreement, with 1st Farm Credit Services, PCA and CoBank, ACB, or CoBank. Under the terms of the Pekin Credit Agreement, Alto Pekin borrowed from 1st Farm Credit Services $64.0 million under a term loan facility that matures on August 20, 2021, or the Pekin Term Loan, and up to $32.0 million under a revolving term loan facility that matures on February 1, 2022, or the Pekin Revolving Loan, and together with the Pekin Term Loan, the Pekin Credit Facility. The Pekin Credit Facility is secured by a first-priority security interest in all of Alto Pekin’s assets.

 

The Pekin Credit Facility and related agreements contain a variety of representations, warranties, covenants and events of default. Following a series of amendments and waivers among Alto Pekin, its lenders and their agent, certain terms of the agreements are as follows:

 

Interest accrues under the Pekin Credit Facility at an annual rate equal to the 30-day London Interbank Offered Rate, or LIBOR, plus 5.00%.
   
Alto Pekin is required to pay a monthly fee on any unused portion of the Pekin Revolving Loan at a rate of 0.75% per annum.
   
Alto Pekin and Alto ICP, LLC, or ICP, one of our indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries and the entity that holds one of our production facilities in Pekin, Illinois, are collectively required to maintain working capital of not less than 50% of the combined outstanding revolving lines of credit, which was $17.0 million at June 30, 2021; and an annual debt service coverage ratio of not less than 1.25 to 1.00, in addition to various other affirmative and negative covenants.

 

Net proceeds arising from a sale of any of our midwestern production facility assets will be allocated 33/34/33% among Alto Pekin’s and ICP’s lenders, collectively, our senior secured noteholders, and us, respectively. Net proceeds arising from the sale of any of our western production facility assets will be allocated first to the senior secured noteholders up to $20.0 million and then allocated 33/34/33% among Alto Pekin’s and ICP’s lenders, collectively, our senior secured noteholders, and us, respectively.

 

As of the filing of this report, we believe we are in compliance with the terms and conditions of our Pekin Credit Facility.

 

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ICP Credit Facilities

 

On September 15, 2017, ICP, Compeer Financial, PCA, or Compeer, and CoBank as agent, entered into a Credit Agreement, or the ICP Credit Agreement. Under the terms of the ICP Credit Agreement, ICP borrowed from Compeer $24.0 million under a term loan facility that matures on September 20, 2021, or the ICP Term Loan, and up to $18.0 million under a revolving term loan facility that matures on September 1, 2022, or the ICP Revolving Loan, and together with the ICP Term Loan, the ICP Credit Facility. The ICP Credit Facility is secured by a first-priority security interest in all of ICP’s assets.

 

The ICP Credit Facility and related agreements contain a variety of representations, warranties, covenants and events of default. Following a series of amendments and waivers among ICP, its lenders and their agent, certain terms of the agreements are as follows:

 

Interest accrues under the ICP Credit Facility at an annual rate equal to the 30-day LIBOR plus 3.75%.
   
ICP is required to pay an annual nonrefundable commitment fee, calculated as 0.75% multiplied by the average daily positive difference between (i) the ICP Revolving Loan commitment (which may be reduced by ICP from time to time in increments of $0.5 million), minus (ii) the aggregate principal amounts outstanding under the ICP Revolving Loan.
   
ICP and Alto Pekin are collectively required to maintain working capital of not less than 50% of the combined outstanding revolving lines of credit, which was $17.0 million at June 30, 2021; and an annual debt service coverage ratio of not less than 1.50 to 1.00, in addition to various other affirmative and negative covenants.

 

Net proceeds arising from the sale of any of our midwestern production facility assets will be allocated 33/34/33% among Alto Pekin’s and ICP’s lenders, collectively, our senior secured noteholders, and us, respectively. Net proceeds arising from the sale of any of our western production facility assets will be allocated first to the senior secured noteholders up to $20.0 million and then allocated 33/34/33% among Alto Pekin’s and ICP’s lenders, collectively, our senior secured noteholders, and us, respectively.

 

As of the filing of this report, we believe we are in compliance with the terms and conditions of our ICP Credit Facility.

 

Senior Secured Notes

 

On December 12, 2016, we entered into a Note Purchase Agreement with five accredited investors and sold $55.0 million in aggregate principal amount of senior secured notes to the investors in a private offering for aggregate gross proceeds of 97% of the principal amount of the notes sold. On June 26, 2017, we entered into a second Note Purchase Agreement with five accredited investors and sold an additional $13.9 million in aggregate principal amount of senior secured notes to the investors in a private offering for aggregate gross proceeds of 97% of the principal amount of the notes sold, and collectively with the notes previously sold, the Notes. The Notes are secured by a first-priority security interest in all of our equity interests in Alto Op Co., our subsidiary that indirectly holds our West Coast production assets.

 

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The Notes and related agreements contain a variety of representations, warranties, covenants and events of default. Following a series of amendments and waivers with the holders of our Notes, or the senior secured noteholders, and their agent, certain terms of the agreements are as follows:

 

The Notes mature on December 15, 2021.

 

Payments due under the Notes rank senior to all other indebtedness of Alto Ingredients, Inc. other than permitted senior indebtedness.

 

Interest on the Notes accrues at a rate of 15% per annum.

 

Any voluntary prepayments must be made at 102% of the principal amount prepaid.

 

The Notes also contain a variety of limitations, including a prohibition on parent company indebtedness; restrictions on redemption, repurchase or payment of any dividend or distribution in respect of our or our subsidiaries’ equity interests; restrictions on asset sales and other dispositions; and restrictions on our or our subsidiaries’ ability to issue equity for purposes other than to pay down a portion of the outstanding balance of the Notes.

 

In March 2020, ICP granted to the senior secured noteholders a security interest in certain of its personal property. In addition, Alto Central, LLC, or Alto Central, our subsidiary that indirectly holds our Pekin Campus assets, granted to the senior secured noteholders a security interest in certain of its personal property. Alto Central also pledged its equity interests in Alto Pekin and ICP in favor of the senior secured noteholders as additional collateral securing our obligations to the senior secured noteholders. Alto Op. Co also granted to the senior secured noteholders a security interest in certain of its personal property. We and certain subsidiaries also entered into intercreditor agreements with the ICP’s and Alto Pekin’s lenders, and the agent for our senior secured noteholders, to address issues of priority and the allocation of proceeds from asset sales.

 

On May 14, 2021, in connection with the sale of our Madera, California fuel-grade ethanol production facility, we repaid $19.3 million in principal on these Notes. As of the filing of this report, a balance of approximately $0.7 million remains on the Notes and we believe we are in compliance with the terms and conditions of the Notes.

 

CARES Act Loans

 

On May 4, 2020, Alto Ingredients, Inc. and Alto Pekin received loan proceeds from Bank of America, NA under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act, or the CARES Act, through the Paycheck Protection Program administered by the U.S. Small Business Administration, or SBA. Alto Ingredients, Inc. received $6.0 million and Alto Pekin received $3.9 million in loan proceeds. The loans were to mature in two years and bear interest at a rate of 1.00% per annum. Under the terms of the loans, certain amounts may be forgiven if they are used for qualifying expenses as described in the CARES Act. We have applied for loan forgiveness for both loans. In June 2021, the SBA approved Alto Pekin’s forgiveness application for the full amount of $3.9 million. We can provide no assurance that we will be able to obtain forgiveness of all or any portion of the remaining loan.

 

Effects of Inflation

 

The impact of inflation was not significant to our financial condition or results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We conducted an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. The term “disclosure controls and procedures,” as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or Exchange Act, means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the company in the reports it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures also include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded as of June 30, 2021 that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at a reasonable assurance level.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the most recently completed fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

Inherent Limitations on the Effectiveness of Controls

 

Management does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal control over financial reporting will prevent or detect all errors and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control systems are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in a cost-effective control system, no evaluation of internal control over financial reporting can provide absolute assurance that misstatements due to error or fraud will not occur or that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been or will be detected.

 

These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty and that breakdowns can occur because of a simple error or mistake. Controls can also be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the controls. The design of any system of controls is based in part on certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions. Projections of any evaluation of controls effectiveness to future periods are subject to risks. Over time, controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or deterioration in the degree of compliance with policies or procedures.

 

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

 

We are subject to legal proceedings, claims and litigation arising in the ordinary course of business. While the amounts claimed may be substantial, the ultimate liability cannot presently be determined because of considerable uncertainties that exist. Therefore, it is possible that the outcome of those legal proceedings, claims and litigation could adversely affect our quarterly or annual operating results or cash flows when resolved in a future period. However, based on facts currently available, management believes such matters will not adversely affect in any material respect our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.

 

Before deciding to purchase, hold or sell our common stock, you should carefully consider the risks described below in addition to the other information contained in this report and in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including subsequent reports on Forms 10-Q and 8-K. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also affect our business. If any of these known or unknown risks or uncertainties actually occurs with material adverse effects on Alto Ingredients, our business, financial condition, results of operations and/or liquidity could be seriously harmed. In that event, the market price for our common stock will likely decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment.

 

Risks Related to our Business

 

The effects of the coronavirus pandemic, or its abatement, may materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and liquidity.

 

The coronavirus pandemic has resulted in businesses suspending or substantially curtailing operations and travel, quarantines, and an overall substantial slowdown of economic activity. Federal, state and foreign governments have implemented measures to contain the virus, including social distancing requirements, travel restrictions, border closures, limitations on public gatherings, work-from-home orders, and closure of non-essential businesses. Many of these measures remain or have been curtailed only partially. Transportation fuels in particular, including fuel-grade ethanol, experienced significant price declines and reduced demand. A further or extended ongoing downturn in global economic activity, or recessionary conditions in general, would likely lead to poor demand for, and negatively affect the prices of, fuel-grade ethanol, materially and adversely affecting our business, results of operations and liquidity.

 

Furthermore, to protect the health and well-being of our employees and customers, we have implemented work-from-home requirements, made substantial modifications to employee travel policies, and cancelled or shifted marketing and other corporate events to virtual-only formats for the foreseeable future. While we continue to monitor our circumstances and may adjust our current policies as more information and public health guidance become available, these precautionary measures could negatively affect our sales and marketing efforts, delay and lengthen our sales cycles, or create operational or other challenges, any of which could harm our business and results of operations.

 

In addition, if one or more of our employees or customers becomes ill from coronavirus and attributes their infection to us, including through exposure at one of our offices or production facilities, we could be subject to allegations of failure to adequately mitigate the risk of exposure. Such allegations could harm our reputation and expose us to the risks of litigation and liability.

 

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Our specialty alcohols business has benefitted significantly from the coronavirus pandemic due to a substantial increase in demand for alcohol-based sanitizers and disinfectants. As the coronavirus pandemic abates, demand for alcohol-based sanitizers and disinfectants may decline, ultimately exerting downward pressure on prices for our specialty alcohols used in those products. In addition, higher industry production levels in response to the coronavirus pandemic and any resulting oversupply of specialty alcohols for sanitizers and disinfectants would also exert downward pressure on prices. Reduced demand and prices for our specialty alcohols used in sanitizers and disinfectants, or industry oversupply of those specialty alcohols, may materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and liquidity.

 

Our results of operations and our ability to operate at a profit are largely dependent on our ability to manage the costs of corn, natural gas and other production inputs, with the prices of our alcohols and essential ingredients, all of which are subject to volatility and uncertainty.

 

Our results of operations are highly impacted by commodity prices, including the cost of corn, natural gas and other production inputs that we must purchase, and the prices of alcohols and essential ingredients that we sell. Prices and supplies are subject to and determined by market and other forces over which we have no control, such as weather, domestic and global demand, supply shortages, export prices and various governmental policies in the United States and throughout the world.

 

Price volatility of corn, natural gas and other production inputs, and alcohols and essential ingredients, may cause our results of operations to fluctuate substantially. We may fail to generate expected levels of net sales and profits even under fixed-price and other contracts for the sale of specialty alcohols used in consumer products. Our customers may not pay us timely or at all, even under longer-term, fixed-price contracts for our specialty alcohols, and may seek to renegotiate prices under those contracts during periods of falling prices or high price volatility.

 

Over the past several years, for example, the spread between corn and fuel-grade ethanol prices has fluctuated significantly. Fluctuations are likely to continue to occur. A sustained narrow spread, whether as a result of sustained high or increased corn prices or sustained low or decreased alcohol or essential ingredient prices, would adversely affect our results of operations and financial position. Revenues from sales of alcohols, particularly fuel-grade ethanol, and essential ingredients could decline below the marginal cost of production, which may force us to further suspend production, particularly fuel-grade ethanol production, at some or all of our facilities.

 

In addition, some of our fuel-grade ethanol marketing activities will likely be unprofitable in a market of generally declining prices due to the nature of our business. For example, to satisfy customer demands, we maintain certain quantities of fuel-grade ethanol inventory for subsequent resale. Moreover, we procure much of our fuel-grade ethanol inventory outside of third-party marketing arrangements and therefore must buy fuel-grade ethanol at a price established at the time of purchase and sell fuel-grade ethanol at an index price established later at the time of sale that is generally reflective of movements in the market price of fuel-grade ethanol. As a result, our margins for fuel-grade ethanol sold in these transactions generally decline and may turn negative as the market price of fuel-grade ethanol declines.

 

We can provide no assurance that corn, natural gas or other production inputs can be purchased at or near current or any particular prices, or that our alcohols or essential ingredients will sell at or near current or any particular prices. Consequently, our results of operations and financial position may be adversely affected by increases in the prices of corn, natural gas and other production inputs or decreases in the prices of our alcohols and essential ingredients.

 

Increased alcohol or essential ingredient production or higher inventory levels may cause a decline in prices for those products, and may have other negative effects, adversely impacting our results of operations, cash flows and financial condition.

 

The prices of our alcohols and essential ingredients are impacted by competing third-party supplies of those products. For example, we believe that the most significant factor influencing the price of fuel-grade ethanol has been the substantial increase in production. According to the Renewable Fuels Association, domestic fuel-grade ethanol production capacity increased from an annualized rate of 1.5 billion gallons per year in January 1999 to a record 16.1 billion gallons in 2018. In addition, if fuel-grade ethanol production margins improve, we anticipate that owners of production facilities operating at below capacity, or owners of idled production facilities, will increase production levels, thereby resulting in more abundant fuel-grade ethanol supplies and inventories. Increases in the supply of alcohols and essential ingredients may not be commensurate with increases in demand for alcohols and essential ingredients, thus leading to lower prices. Moreover, higher industry production levels in response to the coronavirus pandemic and any resulting oversupply of alcohols for sanitizers and disinfectants, and corresponding oversupply of essential ingredient co-products, may also exert downward pressure on prices. Any of these outcomes could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and financial condition.

 

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The prices of our products are volatile and subject to large fluctuations, which may cause our results of operations to fluctuate significantly.

 

The prices of our products are volatile and subject to large fluctuations. For example, the market price of fuel-grade ethanol is dependent upon many factors, including the supply of ethanol and the price of gasoline, which is in turn dependent upon the price of petroleum which itself is highly volatile and difficult to forecast. Our fuel-grade ethanol sales are tied to prevailing spot market prices rather than long-term, fixed-price contracts. Fuel-grade ethanol prices, as reported by the CBOT, ranged from $0.81 to $1.62 per gallon in 2020 and from $1.25 to $1.70 per gallon in 2019. In addition, even under longer-term, fixed-price contracts for our specialty alcohols, our customers may seek to renegotiate prices under those contracts during periods of falling prices or high price volatility. Fluctuations in the prices of our products may cause our results of operations to fluctuate significantly.

 

Disruptions in our production or distribution may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

Our business depends on the continuing availability of rail, road, port, storage and distribution infrastructure. In particular, due to limited storage capacity at our production facilities and other considerations related to production efficiencies, our facilities depend on just-in-time delivery of corn. The production of alcohols also requires a significant and uninterrupted supply of other raw materials and energy, primarily water, electricity and natural gas. Local water, electricity and gas utilities may fail to reliably supply the water, electricity and natural gas that our production facilities need or may fail to supply those resources on acceptable terms. In the past, poor weather has caused disruptions in rail transportation, which slowed the delivery of fuel-grade ethanol by rail, the principal manner by which fuel-grade ethanol from our facilities located in the Midwest is transported to market. In addition, in 2020, we experienced closure of the Illinois River for lock repairs which required greater use of less cost-effective modes of product transport such as via rail and truck, which resulted in higher costs and negatively affected our results of operations.

 

Disruptions in production or distribution, whether caused by labor difficulties, unscheduled downtimes and other operational hazards inherent in the alcohol production industry, including equipment failures, fires, explosions, abnormal pressures, blowouts, pipeline ruptures, transportation accidents and natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods and storms, or human error or malfeasance or other reasons, could prevent timely deliveries of corn or other raw materials and energy, and could delay transport of our products to market, and may require us to halt production at one or more production facilities, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

Some of these operational hazards may also cause personal injury or loss of life, severe damage to or destruction of property and equipment or environmental damage, and may result in suspension of operations and the imposition of civil or criminal penalties. Our insurance may not fully cover the potential hazards described above or we may be unable to renew our insurance on commercially reasonable terms or at all.

 

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We may engage in hedging transactions and other risk mitigation strategies that could harm our results of operations and financial condition.

 

In an attempt to partially offset the effects of volatility of our product prices, in particular fuel-grade ethanol, corn and natural gas costs, we may enter into contracts to fix the price of a portion of our production or purchase a portion of our corn or natural gas requirements on a forward basis. In addition, we may engage in other hedging transactions involving exchange-traded futures contracts for corn, natural gas and unleaded gasoline from time to time. The financial statement impact of these activities is dependent upon, among other things, the prices involved and our ability to sell sufficient products to use all of the corn and natural gas for which forward commitments have been made. Hedging arrangements also expose us to the risk of financial loss in situations where the other party to the hedging contract defaults on its contract or, in the case of exchange-traded contracts, where there is a change in the expected differential between the underlying price in the hedging agreement and the actual prices paid or received by us. In addition, our open contract positions may require cash deposits to cover margin calls, negatively impacting our liquidity. As a result, our hedging activities and fluctuations in the price of corn, natural gas, fuel-grade ethanol and unleaded gasoline may adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity.

 

The industries in which we operate are extremely competitive. Many of our significant competitors have greater production and financial resources and could use their greater resources to gain market share at our expense.

 

The industries in which we operate are extremely competitive. Many of our significant competitors have substantially greater production and financial resources than we do. As a result, our competitors may be able to compete more aggressively and sustain that competition over a longer period of time. Successful competition will require a continued high level of investment in facility maintenance. We may fail to anticipate or respond adequately to new industry developments and other competitive pressures due to our limited resources relative to many significant competitors. This failure could reduce our competitiveness and cause a decline in market share, sales and profitability. Even if sufficient funds are available, we may not be able to make the modifications and improvements necessary to compete successfully.

 

We also face competition from international suppliers, particularly of fuel-grade ethanol, many of whom have cost structures substantially lower than ours. An increase in domestic or foreign competition could force us to reduce our prices and take other steps to compete effectively, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We incur significant expenses to maintain and upgrade our production facilities and operating equipment, and any interruption in our operations would harm our operating performance.

 

We regularly incur significant expenses to maintain and upgrade our production facilities and operating equipment. The machines and equipment we use to produce our alcohols and manufacture our essential ingredients are complex, have many parts, and some operate on a continuous basis. We must perform routine equipment maintenance and must periodically replace a variety of parts such as motors, pumps, pipes and electrical parts. In addition, our production facilities require periodic shutdowns to perform major maintenance and upgrades. These scheduled shutdowns result in lower sales and increased costs in the periods during which a shutdown occurs and could result in unexpected operational issues in future periods as a result of changes to equipment and operational and mechanical processes made during shutdown.

 

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Risks Related to our Finances

 

We have incurred significant losses and negative operating cash flow in the past and we may incur losses and negative operating cash flow in the future, which may hamper our operations and impede us from expanding our business.

 

We have incurred significant losses and negative operating cash flow in the past. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, we incurred consolidated net losses of approximately $17.3 million and $101.3 million, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and for the year ended December 31, 2019, we incurred negative operating cash flow of approximately $4.1 million and $23.4 million, respectively. We may incur losses and negative operating cash flow in the future. We expect to rely on cash on hand, cash, if any, generated from our operations, borrowing availability under our lines of credit and proceeds from our future financing activities, if any, to fund all of the cash requirements of our business. Additional losses and negative operating cash flow may hamper our operations and impede us from expanding our business.

 

Our indebtedness exposes us to many risks that could negatively impact our business, our business prospects, our liquidity and our cash flows and results of operations.

 

Our Pekin Campus facilities have significant indebtedness. The terms of our loans associated with Pekin Campus facilities require amortizing payments of principal over the lives of the loans and our borrowing availability under our revolving credit facilities associated with those facilities periodically and automatically declines through the maturity dates of those facilities. Our indebtedness could:

 

make it more difficult to pay or refinance our debts as they become due during adverse economic and industry conditions because those conditions could result in insufficient cash flows from operations to make our scheduled debt payments;

 

limit our flexibility to pursue strategic opportunities or react to changes in our business and the industry in which we operate and, consequently, place us at a competitive disadvantage to our competitors who have less debt;

 

require a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations, if any, to be used for debt service payments, thereby reducing our ability to fund working capital, capital expenditures, new business ventures, dividend payments and other general corporate purposes; and/or

 

limit our ability to procure additional financing for working capital or other purposes.

 

Our term loans and credit facilities also require compliance with numerous financial and other covenants, the violation of which could result in an acceleration of our indebtedness.

 

Much of our indebtedness bears interest at variable rates. An increase in prevailing interest rates would likewise increase our debt service obligations and could materially and adversely affect our cash flows and results of operations.

 

Our ability to generate sufficient cash to make all principal and interest payments when due depends on our business performance, which is subject to a variety of factors beyond our control, including the supply of and demand for our alcohols and other products, product prices, the cost of key production inputs, and many other factors incident to the alcohol production and marketing industry. We cannot provide any assurance that we will be able to timely satisfy such obligations.

 

We can provide no assurances that our remaining PPP loan will be forgiven, in whole or in part, or that any loan forgiven will not require repayment following an audit by the SBA.

 

On May 4, 2020, Alto Ingredients, Inc. and Alto Pekin received loan proceeds from Bank of America, NA under the CARES Act through the Paycheck Protection Program administered by the SBA. Alto Ingredients, Inc. received $6.0 million and Alto Pekin received $3.9 million in loan proceeds. As of the filing of this report, the $6.0 million loan to Alto Ingredients, Inc. remains outstanding. We can provide no assurances that we will be able to obtain forgiveness of all or any portion of the remaining loan. In addition, the SBA may audit our loan forgiveness applications and further examine our eligibility for forgiveness, including the facts and circumstances existing at the time the loans were made. We can provide no assurances that any loan forgiven will not require repayment following an audit by the SBA.

 

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Our ability to utilize net operating loss carryforwards and certain other tax attributes may be limited.

 

Federal and state income tax laws impose restrictions on our use of net operating loss, or NOL, and tax credit carryforwards in the event that an “ownership change” occurs for tax purposes, as defined by Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code, or Code. In general, an ownership change occurs when stockholders owning 5% or more of a corporation entitled to use NOL or other loss carryforwards have increased their ownership by more than 50 percentage points during any three-year period. The annual base limitation under Section 382 of the Code is calculated by multiplying the corporation’s value at the time of the ownership change by the greater of the long-term tax-exempt rate determined by the Internal Revenue Service in the month of the ownership change or the two preceding months. Our ability to utilize our NOL and other loss carryforwards may be substantially limited. These limitations could result in increased future tax obligations, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Risks Related to Legal and Regulatory Matters

 

Future demand for fuel-grade ethanol is uncertain and may be affected by changes to federal mandates, public perception, consumer acceptance and overall consumer demand for transportation fuel, any of which could negatively affect demand for fuel-grade ethanol and our results of operations.

 

Although many trade groups, academics and governmental agencies have supported fuel-grade ethanol as a fuel additive that promotes a cleaner environment, others have criticized fuel-grade ethanol production as consuming considerably more energy and emitting more greenhouse gases than other biofuels and potentially depleting water resources. Some studies have suggested that corn-based ethanol is less efficient than ethanol produced from other feedstock and that it negatively impacts consumers by causing increased prices for dairy, meat and other food generated from livestock that consume corn. Additionally, critics of fuel-grade ethanol contend that corn supplies are redirected from international food markets to domestic fuel markets. If negative views of corn-based ethanol production gain acceptance, support for existing measures promoting use and domestic production of corn-based ethanol as a fuel additive could decline, leading to a reduction or repeal of federal ethanol usage mandates, which would materially and adversely affect the demand for fuel-grade ethanol. These views could also negatively impact public perception of the fuel-grade ethanol industry and acceptance of ethanol as an alternative fuel.

 

There are limited markets for fuel-grade ethanol beyond those established by federal mandates. Discretionary blending and E85 blending (i.e., gasoline blended with up to 85% fuel-grade ethanol by volume) are important secondary markets. Discretionary blending is often determined by the price of fuel-grade ethanol versus the price of gasoline. In periods when discretionary blending is financially unattractive, the demand for fuel-grade ethanol may decline. Also, the demand for fuel-grade ethanol is affected by the overall demand for transportation fuel. Demand for transportation fuel is affected by the number of miles traveled by consumers and vehicle fuel economy. Lower demand for fuel-grade ethanol and co-products would reduce the value of our ethanol and related products, erode our overall margins and diminish our ability to generate revenue or to operate profitably. In addition, we believe that consumer acceptance of E15 and E85 fuels is necessary before fuel-grade ethanol can achieve any significant growth in market share relative to other transportation fuels.

 

The United States fuel-grade ethanol industry is highly dependent upon various federal and state laws and any changes in those laws could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and financial condition.

 

The Environmental Protection Agency, or EPA, has implemented the Renewable Fuel Standard, or RFS, under the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. The RFS program sets annual quotas for the quantity of renewable fuels (such as fuel-grade ethanol) that must be blended into motor fuels consumed in the United States. The domestic market for fuel-grade ethanol is significantly impacted by federal mandates under the RFS program for volumes of renewable fuels (such as ethanol) required to be blended with gasoline. Future demand for fuel-grade ethanol will largely depend on incentives to blend ethanol into motor fuels, including the price of ethanol relative to the price of gasoline, the relative octane value of ethanol, constraints in the ability of vehicles to use higher ethanol blends, the RFS, and other applicable environmental requirements.

 

Under the provisions of the Clean Air Act, as amended by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, the EPA has limited authority to waive or reduce the mandated RFS requirements, which authority is subject to consultation with the Secretaries of Agriculture and Energy, and based on a determination that there is inadequate domestic renewable fuel supply or implementation of the applicable requirements would severely harm the economy or environment of a state, region or the United States in general. Our results of operations, cash flows and financial condition could be adversely impacted if the EPA reduces the RFS requirements from the statutory levels specified in the RFS.

 

Various bills in Congress introduced from time to time are also directed at altering existing renewable fuels energy legislation, but none has passed in recent years. Some legislative bills are directed at halting or reversing expansion of, or even eliminating, the renewable fuel program, while other bills are directed at bolstering the program or enacting further mandates or grants that would support the renewable fuels industry. Our results of operations, cash flows and financial condition could be adversely impacted if any legislation is enacted that reduces the RFS volume requirements.

 

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We may be adversely affected by environmental, health and safety laws, regulations and liabilities.

 

We are subject to various federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations, including those relating to the discharge of materials into the air, water and ground, the generation, storage, handling, use, transportation and disposal of hazardous materials and wastes, and the health and safety of our employees. In addition, some of these laws and regulations require us to operate under permits that are subject to renewal or modification. These laws, regulations and permits often require expensive pollution control equipment or operational changes to limit actual or potential impacts to the environment. A violation of these laws and regulations or permit conditions can result in substantial fines, natural resource damages, criminal sanctions, permit revocations and/or production facility shutdowns. In addition, we have made, and expect to make, significant capital expenditures on an ongoing basis to comply with increasingly stringent environmental laws, regulations and permits.

 

We may be liable for the investigation and cleanup of environmental contamination at each of our production facilities and at off-site locations where we arrange for the disposal of hazardous substances or wastes. If these substances or wastes have been or are disposed of or released at sites that undergo investigation and/or remediation by regulatory agencies, we may be responsible under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, or other environmental laws for all or part of the costs of investigation and/or remediation, and for damages to natural resources. We may also be subject to related claims by private parties alleging property damage and personal injury due to exposure to hazardous or other materials at or from those properties. Some of these matters may require us to expend significant amounts for investigation, cleanup or other costs.

 

In addition, new laws, new interpretations of existing laws, increased governmental enforcement of environmental laws or other developments could require us to make significant additional expenditures. Continued government and public emphasis on environmental issues will likely result in increased future investments for environmental controls at our production facilities. Present and future environmental laws and regulations, and interpretations of those laws and regulations, applicable to our operations, more vigorous enforcement policies and discovery of currently unknown conditions may require substantial expenditures that could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

 

The hazards and risks associated with producing and transporting our products (including fires, natural disasters, explosions and abnormal pressures and blowouts) may also result in personal injury claims or damage to property and third parties. As protection against operating hazards, we maintain insurance coverage against some, but not all, potential losses. However, we could sustain losses for uninsurable or uninsured risks, or in amounts in excess of existing insurance coverages. Events that result in significant personal injury or damage to our property or third parties or other losses that are not fully covered by insurance could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

 

Risks Related to Ownership of our Common Stock

 

Future sales of substantial amounts of our common stock, or perceptions that those sales could occur, could adversely affect the market price of our common stock and our ability to raise capital.

 

Future sales of substantial amounts of our common stock into the public market, including up to 8.9 million shares of our common stock that may be issued upon the exercise of outstanding warrants, or perceptions that those sales could occur, could adversely affect the prevailing market price of our common stock and our ability to raise capital.

 

Our stock price is highly volatile, which could result in substantial losses for investors purchasing shares of our common stock and in litigation against us.

 

The market price of our common stock has fluctuated significantly in the past and may continue to fluctuate significantly in the future. The market price of our common stock may continue to fluctuate in response to one or more of the following factors, many of which are beyond our control:

 

fluctuations in the market prices of our products;

 

fluctuations in the costs of key production input commodities such as corn and natural gas;

 

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the volume and timing of the receipt of orders for our products from major customers;

 

the coronavirus pandemic, including governmental and public responses to the pandemic;

 

competitive pricing pressures;

 

anticipated trends in our financial condition and results of operations;

 

changes in market valuations of companies similar to us;

 

stock market price and volume fluctuations generally;

 

regulatory developments or increased enforcement;

 

fluctuations in our quarterly or annual operating results;

 

additions or departures of key personnel;

 

our ability to obtain any necessary financing;

 

our financing activities and future sales of our common stock or other securities; and

 

our ability to maintain contracts that are critical to our operations.

 

The price at which you purchase shares of our common stock may not be indicative of the price that will prevail in the trading market. You may be unable to sell your shares of common stock at or above your purchase price, which may result in substantial losses to you and which may include the complete loss of your investment. In the past, securities class action litigation has often been brought against a company following periods of high stock price volatility. We may be the target of similar litigation in the future. Securities litigation could result in substantial costs and divert management’s attention and our resources away from our business.

 

Any of the risks described above could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, the price of our common stock, or both.

 

Because we do not intend to pay any cash dividends on our shares of common stock in the near future, our stockholders will not be able to receive a return on their shares unless and until they sell them.

 

We intend to retain a significant portion of any future earnings to finance the development, operation and expansion of our business. We do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our common stock in the near future. The declaration, payment, and amount of any future dividends will be made at the discretion of our board of directors, and will depend upon, among other things, our results of operations, cash flows, and financial condition, operating and capital requirements, and other factors as our board of directors considers relevant. There is no assurance that future dividends will be paid, and, if dividends are paid, there is no assurance with respect to the amount of any such dividend. Unless our board of directors determines to pay dividends, our stockholders will be required to look to appreciation of our common stock to realize a gain on their investment. There can be no assurance that this appreciation will occur.

 

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Our bylaws contain an exclusive forum provision, which could limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers, employees or agents.

 

Our bylaws provide that, unless we consent in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the Delaware Court of Chancery shall be the sole and exclusive forum for (a) any derivative action or proceeding brought on behalf of us, (b) any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any director, officer or other employee of us to us or our stockholders, (c) any action asserting a claim arising pursuant to any provision of the Delaware General Corporation Law, or (d) any action asserting a claim governed by the internal affairs doctrine.

 

For the avoidance of doubt, the exclusive forum provision described above does not apply to any claims arising under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. Section 27 of the Exchange Act creates exclusive federal jurisdiction over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Exchange Act or the rules and regulations thereunder, and Section 22 of the Securities Act creates concurrent jurisdiction for federal and state courts over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Securities Act or the rules and regulations thereunder.

 

The choice of forum provision in our bylaws may limit our stockholders’ ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that they find favorable for disputes with us or our directors, officers, employees or agents, which may discourage such lawsuits against us and our directors, officers, employees and agents even though an action, if successful, might benefit our stockholders. The applicable courts may also reach different judgments or results than would other courts, including courts where a stockholder considering an action may be located or would otherwise choose to bring the action, and such judgments or results may be more favorable to us than to our stockholders. With respect to the provision making the Delaware Court of Chancery the sole and exclusive forum for certain types of actions, stockholders who do bring a claim in the Delaware Court of Chancery could face additional litigation costs in pursuing any such claim, particularly if they do not reside in or near Delaware. Finally, if a court were to find this provision of our bylaws inapplicable to, or unenforceable in respect of, one or more of the specified types of actions or proceedings, we may incur additional costs associated with resolving such matters in other jurisdictions, which could have a material adverse effect on us.

 

General Risk Factors

 

Cyberattacks through security vulnerabilities could lead to disruption of business, reduced revenue, increased costs, liability claims, or harm to our reputation or competitive position.

 

Security vulnerabilities may arise from our hardware, software, employees, contractors or policies we have deployed, which may result in external parties gaining access to our networks, data centers, cloud data centers, corporate computers, manufacturing systems, and/or access to accounts we have at our suppliers, vendors, and customers. External parties may gain access to our data or our customers’ data, or attack the networks causing denial of service or attempt to hold our data or systems in ransom. The vulnerability could be caused by inadequate account security practices such as failure to timely remove employee access when terminated. To mitigate these security issues, we have implemented measures throughout our organization, including firewalls, backups, encryption, employee information technology policies and user account policies. However, there can be no assurance these measures will be sufficient to avoid cyberattacks. If any of these types of security breaches were to occur and we were unable to protect sensitive data, our relationships with our business partners and customers could be materially damaged, our reputation could be materially harmed, and we could be exposed to a risk of litigation and possible significant liability.

 

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Further, if we fail to adequately maintain our information technology infrastructure, we may have outages and data loss. Excessive outages may affect our ability to timely and efficiently deliver products to customers or develop new products. Such disruptions and data loss may adversely impact our ability to fulfill orders and interrupt other processes. Delayed sales or lost customers resulting from these disruptions could adversely affect our financial results, stock price and reputation.

 

The State of California enacted the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018, or CCPA, effective on January 1, 2020. Our and our business partners’ or contractors’ failure to fully comply with the CCPA and other laws could lead to significant fines and require onerous corrective action. In addition, data security breaches experienced by us or our business partners or contractors could result in the loss of trade secrets or other intellectual property, public disclosure of sensitive commercial data, and the exposure of personally identifiable information (including sensitive personal information) of our employees, customers, suppliers, contractors and others.

 

Unauthorized use or disclosure of, or access to, any personal information maintained by us or on our behalf, whether through breach of our systems, breach of the systems of our suppliers or vendors by an unauthorized party, or through employee or contractor error, theft or misuse, or otherwise, could harm our business. If any such unauthorized use or disclosure of, or access to, such personal information was to occur, our operations could be seriously disrupted, and we could be subject to demands, claims and litigation by private parties, and investigations, related actions, and penalties by regulatory authorities. In addition, we could incur significant costs in notifying affected persons and entities and otherwise complying with the multitude of foreign, federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to the unauthorized access to, or use or disclosure of, personal information. Finally, any perceived or actual unauthorized access to, or use or disclosure of, such information could harm our reputation, substantially impair our ability to attract and retain customers and have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

 

None.

 

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers

 

We granted to certain employees shares of restricted stock under our 2006 and 2016 Stock Incentive Plans pursuant to Restricted Stock Agreements dated and effective as of their respective grant dates by and between us and those employees.

 

We were obligated to withhold minimum withholding tax amounts with respect to vested shares of restricted stock and upon future vesting of shares of restricted stock granted to our employees. Each employee was entitled to pay the minimum withholding tax amounts to us in cash or to elect to have us withhold a vested amount of shares of restricted stock having a value equivalent to our minimum withholding tax requirements, thereby reducing the number of shares of vested restricted stock that the employee ultimately receives. If an employee failed to timely make such election, we automatically withheld the necessary shares of vested restricted stock.

 

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For the three months ended June 30, 2021, in connection with satisfying our withholding requirements, we withheld the following number of shares of our common stock and remitted cash payments to cover the minimum withholding tax amounts, thereby effectively repurchasing from the employees such number of shares of our common stock at the following deemed purchase prices:

 

Month  Number of
Shares Withheld
   Deemed Purchase
Price Per Share
   Aggregate
Purchase Price
 
April   457,597   $5.66   $2,590,000 

 

Dividends

 

Our current and future debt financing arrangements may limit or prevent cash distributions from our subsidiaries to us, depending upon the achievement of specified financial and other operating conditions and our ability to properly service our debt, thereby limiting or preventing us from paying cash dividends.

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, we accrued an aggregate of $0.3 million and $0.6 million, respectively, in dividends on our Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock, or Series B Preferred Stock, but did not declare or pay cash dividends, as permitted under an agreement with the holders of our Series B Preferred Stock, in an effort to preserve liquidity.

 

We have never declared or paid cash dividends on our common stock and do not currently intend to pay cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. We currently anticipate that we will retain any earnings for use in the continued development of our business.

 

The holders of our outstanding Series B Preferred Stock are entitled to dividends of 7% per annum, payable quarterly. Accrued and unpaid dividends in respect of our Series B Preferred Stock must be paid prior to the payment of any dividends in respect of shares of our common stock.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES.

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION.

 

Not applicable.

 

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS.

 

Exhibit
Number
  Description
10.1   Asset Purchase Agreement dated April 23, 2021 by and among Pacific Ethanol Madera LLC, Alto Ingredients, Inc. and Seaboard Energy California, LLC (*) (**)
10.2  

First Amendment to Asset Purchase Agreement dated as of July 30, 2021 by and among Seaboard Energy California, LLC, Pacific Ethanol Madera LLC and Alto Ingredients, Inc. (*) (**)

31.1   Certifications Required by Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (*)
31.2   Certifications Required by Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (*)
32.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (*)
101.INS   Inline XBRL Instance Document (*)
101.SCH   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document. (*)
101.CAL   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document. (*)
101.DEF   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document. (*)
101.LAB   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document. (*)
101.PRE   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document. (*)
104   Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101). (*)

 

 

(*)Filed herewith.
(**)The agreements filed as exhibits to this report contain representations and warranties made by the parties thereto. The assertions embodied in such representations and warranties are not necessarily assertions of fact, but a mechanism for the parties to allocate risk. Accordingly, investors should not rely on the representations and warranties as characterizations of the actual state of facts or for any other purpose at the time they were made or otherwise.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  ALTO INGREDIENTS, INC.
     
Dated:  August 10, 2021 By: /S/ BRYON T. MCGREGOR
    Bryon T. McGregor
    Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

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Yes Yes This category includes investments in funds comprised of equity securities of large U.S. companies. The funds are valued using the net asset value method in which an average of the market prices for the underlying investments is used to value the fund. Included in other assets in the consolidated balance sheets. This category includes investments in funds comprised of equity securities of foreign companies including emerging markets. The funds are valued using the net asset value method in which an average of the market prices for the underlying investments is used to value the fund. This category includes investments in funds comprised of U.S. and foreign investment-grade fixed income securities, high-yield fixed income securities that are rated below investment-grade, U.S. treasury securities, mortgage-backed securities, and other asset-backed securities. The funds are valued using the net asset value method in which an average of the market prices for the underlying investments is used to value the fund. This category includes investments in funds comprised of equity securities of small- and medium-sized U.S. companies. 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